Work-family conflict in dual-earner couples: Within-individual and crossover effects of work and family

Leslie Hammer, Elizabeth Allen, Tenora D. Grigsby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

244 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three hundred ninety-nine dual-earner couples participated in a field study examining the effects of work and family variables on work-family conflict. The effects of own (i.e., within-individual) and partners' (crossover effects) work and family involvement, career salience, perceived flexibility of work schedule, and partners' work-family conflict on individuals' work-family conflict were examined. Results indicated significant relationships between the study variables and individuals' work-family conflict, consistent with previous research. Furthermore, and of most interest to the present study, partners' work-family conflict accounted for a significant amount of variance in both males' and females' work-family conflict. Post hoc exploratory analyses further revealed that crossover effects accounted for a significant amount of variance in work-family conflict over and above the within-individual effects, suggesting that future research on work-family conflict use the couple as the unit of analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-203
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1997
Externally publishedYes

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family work
Dual-earner couples
Crossover
Work-family conflict
Work and family
flexibility
career
Appointments and Schedules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Work-family conflict in dual-earner couples : Within-individual and crossover effects of work and family. / Hammer, Leslie; Allen, Elizabeth; Grigsby, Tenora D.

In: Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 50, No. 2, 04.1997, p. 185-203.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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