Wnk4 controls blood pressure and potassium homeostasis via regulation of mass and activity of the distal convoluted tubule

Maria D. Lalioti, Junhui Zhang, Heather M. Volkman, Kristopher T. Kahle, Kristin E. Hoffmann, Hakan R. Toka, Carol Nelson-Williams, David Ellison, Richard Flavell, Carmen J. Booth, Yin Lu, David S. Geller, Richard P. Lifton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The mechanisms that govern homeostasis of complex systems have been elusive but can be illuminated by mutations that disrupt system behavior. Mutations in the gene encoding the kinase WNK4 cause pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHAII), a syndrome featuring hypertension and hyperkalemia. We show that physiology in mice transgenic for genomic segments harboring wild-type (TgWnk4WT) or PHAII mutant (TgWnk4PHAII) Wnk4 is changed in opposite directions: TgWnk4PHAII mice have higher blood pressure, hyperkalemia, hypercalciuria and marked hyperplasia of the distal convoluted tubule (DCT), whereas the opposite is true in TgWnk4WT mice. Genetic deficiency for the Na-Cl cotransporter of the DCT (NCC) reverses phenotypes seen in TgWnk4PHAII mice, demonstrating that the effects of the PHAII mutation are due to altered NCC activity. These findings establish that Wnk4 is a molecular switch that regulates the balance between NaCl reabsorption and K+ secretion by altering the mass and function of the DCT through its effect on NCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1124-1132
Number of pages9
JournalNature Genetics
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2006

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Member 3 Solute Carrier Family 12
Pseudohypoaldosteronism
Potassium
Hyperkalemia
Homeostasis
Blood Pressure
Mutation
Hypertension
Hypercalciuria
Transgenic Mice
Hyperplasia
Phosphotransferases
Phenotype
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

Cite this

Lalioti, M. D., Zhang, J., Volkman, H. M., Kahle, K. T., Hoffmann, K. E., Toka, H. R., ... Lifton, R. P. (2006). Wnk4 controls blood pressure and potassium homeostasis via regulation of mass and activity of the distal convoluted tubule. Nature Genetics, 38(10), 1124-1132. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng1877

Wnk4 controls blood pressure and potassium homeostasis via regulation of mass and activity of the distal convoluted tubule. / Lalioti, Maria D.; Zhang, Junhui; Volkman, Heather M.; Kahle, Kristopher T.; Hoffmann, Kristin E.; Toka, Hakan R.; Nelson-Williams, Carol; Ellison, David; Flavell, Richard; Booth, Carmen J.; Lu, Yin; Geller, David S.; Lifton, Richard P.

In: Nature Genetics, Vol. 38, No. 10, 10.2006, p. 1124-1132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lalioti, MD, Zhang, J, Volkman, HM, Kahle, KT, Hoffmann, KE, Toka, HR, Nelson-Williams, C, Ellison, D, Flavell, R, Booth, CJ, Lu, Y, Geller, DS & Lifton, RP 2006, 'Wnk4 controls blood pressure and potassium homeostasis via regulation of mass and activity of the distal convoluted tubule', Nature Genetics, vol. 38, no. 10, pp. 1124-1132. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng1877
Lalioti, Maria D. ; Zhang, Junhui ; Volkman, Heather M. ; Kahle, Kristopher T. ; Hoffmann, Kristin E. ; Toka, Hakan R. ; Nelson-Williams, Carol ; Ellison, David ; Flavell, Richard ; Booth, Carmen J. ; Lu, Yin ; Geller, David S. ; Lifton, Richard P. / Wnk4 controls blood pressure and potassium homeostasis via regulation of mass and activity of the distal convoluted tubule. In: Nature Genetics. 2006 ; Vol. 38, No. 10. pp. 1124-1132.
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