Who is at risk for prolonged and postterm pregnancy?

Aaron B. Caughey, Naomi E. Stotland, A. Eugene Washington, Gabriel J. Escobar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to examine risk factors for postterm (gestational age ≥ 42 weeks) or prolonged (gestational age ≥ 41 weeks) pregnancy. Study Design: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all term, singleton pregnancies delivered at a mature, managed care organization. The primary outcome measures were the rates of pregnancies greater than 41 or 42 weeks' gestation. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to control for potential confounding and interaction. Results: Specific risk factors for pregnancy beyond 41 weeks of gestation include obesity (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-1.37), nulliparity (aOR, 1.46; 95% CI 1.42-1.51), and maternal age 30-39 years (aOR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.02-1.10) and 40 years or older (aOR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.02-1.12). Additionally, African American, Latina, and Asian race/ethnicity were all associated with a lower risk of reaching 41 or 42 weeks of gestation. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that there may be biological differences that underlie the risk for women to progress to 41 or 42 weeks of gestation. In particular, obesity is a modifiable risk factor and could potentially be prevented with prepregnancy or interpregnancy interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683.e1-683.e5
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume200
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • obesity
  • postterm pregnancy
  • race/ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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