Visitability surveillance, prevalence, and correlates in Florida

Erin D. Bouldin, Elena Andresen, Sarah E. Bauer, Chelsea Whitney, Claudia C. Tamayo, Jessica R. Schumacher, Allyson G. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background A primary means of social connection is visiting friends and families in their homes. Visitability is designing houses in a way that enables people to visit others' homes regardless of physical limitations or use of mobility assistive devices.

Objective The goals of this study were to develop a set of questions about visitability that could be used for surveillance and to assess the prevalence and correlates of visitability features in Florida.

Methods We added five questions to the 2011 Florida Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 12,399 respondents) and used complementary log-log regression models to estimate the prevalence ratio of each visitability feature.

Results The prevalence of visitability features in Florida homes was high for respondents with and without disabilities, though there was variation by visitability feature. A level entrance to the home and wide doorways were present in most respondents' homes (84.9% and 86.2%, respectively), while a main floor bathroom (59.6%) and a zero-step entrance (45.4%) were reported less commonly. People with a disability were less likely to report that their own home had doorways wide enough to accommodate a wheelchair compared to people without a disability (PR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.80-0.95). Visitability features were less common in households with lower income and also in trailers or mobile homes than in detached single-family homes.

Conclusions The survey questions used in this study could be implemented in other states to measure and track visitability and monitor progress toward the Healthy People 2020 goal. Building or retro-fitting homes to include visitability features could increase the participation and inclusion of people with disabilities in community life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-145
Number of pages6
JournalDisability and Health Journal
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Disabled Persons
Toilet Facilities
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Self-Help Devices
House Calls
Wheelchairs
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Disability
  • Housing
  • Participation
  • Surveillance
  • Visitability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Bouldin, E. D., Andresen, E., Bauer, S. E., Whitney, C., Tamayo, C. C., Schumacher, J. R., & Hall, A. G. (2015). Visitability surveillance, prevalence, and correlates in Florida. Disability and Health Journal, 8(1), 140-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2014.07.006

Visitability surveillance, prevalence, and correlates in Florida. / Bouldin, Erin D.; Andresen, Elena; Bauer, Sarah E.; Whitney, Chelsea; Tamayo, Claudia C.; Schumacher, Jessica R.; Hall, Allyson G.

In: Disability and Health Journal, Vol. 8, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 140-145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bouldin, ED, Andresen, E, Bauer, SE, Whitney, C, Tamayo, CC, Schumacher, JR & Hall, AG 2015, 'Visitability surveillance, prevalence, and correlates in Florida', Disability and Health Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 140-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2014.07.006
Bouldin, Erin D. ; Andresen, Elena ; Bauer, Sarah E. ; Whitney, Chelsea ; Tamayo, Claudia C. ; Schumacher, Jessica R. ; Hall, Allyson G. / Visitability surveillance, prevalence, and correlates in Florida. In: Disability and Health Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 140-145.
@article{0488ac20f8d74dcd9ccf6535b2921a6e,
title = "Visitability surveillance, prevalence, and correlates in Florida",
abstract = "Background A primary means of social connection is visiting friends and families in their homes. Visitability is designing houses in a way that enables people to visit others' homes regardless of physical limitations or use of mobility assistive devices.Objective The goals of this study were to develop a set of questions about visitability that could be used for surveillance and to assess the prevalence and correlates of visitability features in Florida.Methods We added five questions to the 2011 Florida Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 12,399 respondents) and used complementary log-log regression models to estimate the prevalence ratio of each visitability feature.Results The prevalence of visitability features in Florida homes was high for respondents with and without disabilities, though there was variation by visitability feature. A level entrance to the home and wide doorways were present in most respondents' homes (84.9{\%} and 86.2{\%}, respectively), while a main floor bathroom (59.6{\%}) and a zero-step entrance (45.4{\%}) were reported less commonly. People with a disability were less likely to report that their own home had doorways wide enough to accommodate a wheelchair compared to people without a disability (PR = 0.87, 95{\%} CI: 0.80-0.95). Visitability features were less common in households with lower income and also in trailers or mobile homes than in detached single-family homes.Conclusions The survey questions used in this study could be implemented in other states to measure and track visitability and monitor progress toward the Healthy People 2020 goal. Building or retro-fitting homes to include visitability features could increase the participation and inclusion of people with disabilities in community life.",
keywords = "Disability, Housing, Participation, Surveillance, Visitability",
author = "Bouldin, {Erin D.} and Elena Andresen and Bauer, {Sarah E.} and Chelsea Whitney and Tamayo, {Claudia C.} and Schumacher, {Jessica R.} and Hall, {Allyson G.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.dhjo.2014.07.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "140--145",
journal = "Disability and Health Journal",
issn = "1936-6574",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Visitability surveillance, prevalence, and correlates in Florida

AU - Bouldin, Erin D.

AU - Andresen, Elena

AU - Bauer, Sarah E.

AU - Whitney, Chelsea

AU - Tamayo, Claudia C.

AU - Schumacher, Jessica R.

AU - Hall, Allyson G.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Background A primary means of social connection is visiting friends and families in their homes. Visitability is designing houses in a way that enables people to visit others' homes regardless of physical limitations or use of mobility assistive devices.Objective The goals of this study were to develop a set of questions about visitability that could be used for surveillance and to assess the prevalence and correlates of visitability features in Florida.Methods We added five questions to the 2011 Florida Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 12,399 respondents) and used complementary log-log regression models to estimate the prevalence ratio of each visitability feature.Results The prevalence of visitability features in Florida homes was high for respondents with and without disabilities, though there was variation by visitability feature. A level entrance to the home and wide doorways were present in most respondents' homes (84.9% and 86.2%, respectively), while a main floor bathroom (59.6%) and a zero-step entrance (45.4%) were reported less commonly. People with a disability were less likely to report that their own home had doorways wide enough to accommodate a wheelchair compared to people without a disability (PR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.80-0.95). Visitability features were less common in households with lower income and also in trailers or mobile homes than in detached single-family homes.Conclusions The survey questions used in this study could be implemented in other states to measure and track visitability and monitor progress toward the Healthy People 2020 goal. Building or retro-fitting homes to include visitability features could increase the participation and inclusion of people with disabilities in community life.

AB - Background A primary means of social connection is visiting friends and families in their homes. Visitability is designing houses in a way that enables people to visit others' homes regardless of physical limitations or use of mobility assistive devices.Objective The goals of this study were to develop a set of questions about visitability that could be used for surveillance and to assess the prevalence and correlates of visitability features in Florida.Methods We added five questions to the 2011 Florida Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 12,399 respondents) and used complementary log-log regression models to estimate the prevalence ratio of each visitability feature.Results The prevalence of visitability features in Florida homes was high for respondents with and without disabilities, though there was variation by visitability feature. A level entrance to the home and wide doorways were present in most respondents' homes (84.9% and 86.2%, respectively), while a main floor bathroom (59.6%) and a zero-step entrance (45.4%) were reported less commonly. People with a disability were less likely to report that their own home had doorways wide enough to accommodate a wheelchair compared to people without a disability (PR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.80-0.95). Visitability features were less common in households with lower income and also in trailers or mobile homes than in detached single-family homes.Conclusions The survey questions used in this study could be implemented in other states to measure and track visitability and monitor progress toward the Healthy People 2020 goal. Building or retro-fitting homes to include visitability features could increase the participation and inclusion of people with disabilities in community life.

KW - Disability

KW - Housing

KW - Participation

KW - Surveillance

KW - Visitability

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84915775211&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84915775211&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.dhjo.2014.07.006

DO - 10.1016/j.dhjo.2014.07.006

M3 - Article

C2 - 25190052

AN - SCOPUS:84915775211

VL - 8

SP - 140

EP - 145

JO - Disability and Health Journal

JF - Disability and Health Journal

SN - 1936-6574

IS - 1

ER -