Verified spider bites in Oregon (USA) with the intent to assess hobo spider venom toxicity

Nathanael McKeown, Richard S. Vetter, Robert Hendrickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study compiled 33 verified spider bites from the state of Oregon (USA). The initial goal was to amass a series of bites by the hobo spider to assess whether it possesses toxic venom, a supposition which is currently in a contested state. None of the 33 bites from several spider species developed significant medical symptoms nor did dermonecrosis occur. The most common biters were the yellow sac spider, Cheiracanthium mildei (N = 10) and orb-weavers of the genus Araneus (N = 6). There were 10 bites from three genera of funnel web spiders of the family Agelenidae including one hobo spider bite and one from the congeneric giant house spider which is readily confused as a hobo spider. The hobo spider bite resulted in pain, redness, twitching in the calf muscle and resolved in 12 h. Also generated from this study were possibly the first records of bites from spiders of the genera Callobius (Amaurobiidae) and Antrodiaetus (Antrodiaetidae), both with minor manifestations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-55
Number of pages5
JournalToxicon
Volume84
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2014

Fingerprint

Spider Bites
Spider Venoms
Poisons
Venoms
Toxicity
Muscle
Spiders
Bites and Stings
Pain
Muscles

Keywords

  • Envenomation
  • Hobo spider
  • Spider bites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Verified spider bites in Oregon (USA) with the intent to assess hobo spider venom toxicity. / McKeown, Nathanael; Vetter, Richard S.; Hendrickson, Robert.

In: Toxicon, Vol. 84, 15.06.2014, p. 51-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a23437d855994612b3494fe80275581f,
title = "Verified spider bites in Oregon (USA) with the intent to assess hobo spider venom toxicity",
abstract = "This study compiled 33 verified spider bites from the state of Oregon (USA). The initial goal was to amass a series of bites by the hobo spider to assess whether it possesses toxic venom, a supposition which is currently in a contested state. None of the 33 bites from several spider species developed significant medical symptoms nor did dermonecrosis occur. The most common biters were the yellow sac spider, Cheiracanthium mildei (N = 10) and orb-weavers of the genus Araneus (N = 6). There were 10 bites from three genera of funnel web spiders of the family Agelenidae including one hobo spider bite and one from the congeneric giant house spider which is readily confused as a hobo spider. The hobo spider bite resulted in pain, redness, twitching in the calf muscle and resolved in 12 h. Also generated from this study were possibly the first records of bites from spiders of the genera Callobius (Amaurobiidae) and Antrodiaetus (Antrodiaetidae), both with minor manifestations.",
keywords = "Envenomation, Hobo spider, Spider bites",
author = "Nathanael McKeown and Vetter, {Richard S.} and Robert Hendrickson",
year = "2014",
month = "6",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.toxicon.2014.03.009",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "84",
pages = "51--55",
journal = "Toxicon",
issn = "0041-0101",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Verified spider bites in Oregon (USA) with the intent to assess hobo spider venom toxicity

AU - McKeown, Nathanael

AU - Vetter, Richard S.

AU - Hendrickson, Robert

PY - 2014/6/15

Y1 - 2014/6/15

N2 - This study compiled 33 verified spider bites from the state of Oregon (USA). The initial goal was to amass a series of bites by the hobo spider to assess whether it possesses toxic venom, a supposition which is currently in a contested state. None of the 33 bites from several spider species developed significant medical symptoms nor did dermonecrosis occur. The most common biters were the yellow sac spider, Cheiracanthium mildei (N = 10) and orb-weavers of the genus Araneus (N = 6). There were 10 bites from three genera of funnel web spiders of the family Agelenidae including one hobo spider bite and one from the congeneric giant house spider which is readily confused as a hobo spider. The hobo spider bite resulted in pain, redness, twitching in the calf muscle and resolved in 12 h. Also generated from this study were possibly the first records of bites from spiders of the genera Callobius (Amaurobiidae) and Antrodiaetus (Antrodiaetidae), both with minor manifestations.

AB - This study compiled 33 verified spider bites from the state of Oregon (USA). The initial goal was to amass a series of bites by the hobo spider to assess whether it possesses toxic venom, a supposition which is currently in a contested state. None of the 33 bites from several spider species developed significant medical symptoms nor did dermonecrosis occur. The most common biters were the yellow sac spider, Cheiracanthium mildei (N = 10) and orb-weavers of the genus Araneus (N = 6). There were 10 bites from three genera of funnel web spiders of the family Agelenidae including one hobo spider bite and one from the congeneric giant house spider which is readily confused as a hobo spider. The hobo spider bite resulted in pain, redness, twitching in the calf muscle and resolved in 12 h. Also generated from this study were possibly the first records of bites from spiders of the genera Callobius (Amaurobiidae) and Antrodiaetus (Antrodiaetidae), both with minor manifestations.

KW - Envenomation

KW - Hobo spider

KW - Spider bites

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899008878&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899008878&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.toxicon.2014.03.009

DO - 10.1016/j.toxicon.2014.03.009

M3 - Article

VL - 84

SP - 51

EP - 55

JO - Toxicon

JF - Toxicon

SN - 0041-0101

ER -