Vasopressin and angiotensin II in reflex regulation of ACTH, glucocorticoids, and renin: Effect of water deprivation

V. L. Brooks, L. C. Keil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Angiotensin II (ANG II) and vasopressin participate in baroreflex regulation of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), glucocorticoid, and renin secretion. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this participation is enhanced in water-deprived dogs, with chronically elevated plasma ANG II and vasopressin levels, compared with water-replete dogs. The baroreflex was assessed by infusing increasing doses of nitroprusside (0.3, 0.6, 1.5, and 3.0 μg · kg-1 · min-1) in both groups of animals. To quantitate the participation of ANG II and vasopressin, the dogs were untreated or pretreated with the competitive ANG II antagonist saralasin, a V1-vasopressin antagonist, or combined V1/V2-vasopressin antagonist, either alone or in combination. The findings were as follows. 1) Larger reflex increases in ANG II, vasopressin, and glucocorticoids, but not ACTH, were produced in water-deprived dogs compared with water-replete dogs. 2) ANG II blockade blunted the glucocorticoid and ACTH responses to hypotension in water-deprived dogs, but not water-replete dogs. In contrast, vasopressin blockade reduced the ACTH response only in water-replete dogs. 3) Vasopressin or combined vasopressin and ANG II blockade reduced the plasma level of glucocorticoids related either to the fall in arterial pressure or to the increase in plasma ACTH concentration in water-replete dogs, and this effect was enhanced in water-deprived dogs. 4) In both water-deprived and water- replete animals, saralasin and/or a V1-antagonist increased the renin response to hypotension, but a combined V1/V2-antagonist did not. These results reemphasize the importance of endogenous ANG II and vasopressin in the regulation of ACTH, glucocorticoid, and renin secretion. Moreover, although the results do not support an enhanced role of vasopressin in the regulation of ACTH secretion during water deprivation, the participation of ANG II or vasopressin in the regulation of glucocorticoid production may increase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R762-R769
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume263
Issue number4 32-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

Keywords

  • V-vasopressin antagonist
  • V/V-vasopressin antagonist
  • adrenocorticotropic hormone
  • baroreceptor reflex
  • blood pressure
  • conscious dogs
  • nitroprusside
  • renin-angiotensin system
  • saralasin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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