Uteroplacental and fetal haemodynamics and cardiac function of the fetus and newborn after crystalloid and colloid preloading for extradural caesarean section anaesthesia

J. Karinen, S. Alahuhta, R. Jouppila, Juha Rasanen, P. Jouppila, T. Paavilainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied the effects of randomized preloading with either a crystalloid (lactated Ringer's) 15 ml kg-1 or colloid (hydroxyethyl starch) 7.5 ml kg-1 solution in 20 parturients undergoing elective Caesarean section under extradural anaesthesia, on blood flow in maternal placental and non-placental uterine and placental arcuate arteries and in fetal umbilical, renal and middle cerebral arteries, using a pulsed colour Doppler technique. Simultaneously, fetal and neonatal myocardial function were investigated by pulsed Doppler and M mode echocardiography. We found no changes in maternal or fetal blood velocity waveform indices after crystalloid preloading, but the pulsatility index of the maternal non-placental uterine artery in creased significantly after colloid preloading. Fetal heart rate decreased after preloading with crystalloid solution. There were no differences in fetal or neonatal myocardial function between the groups, and the outcome of the newborn infants were uneventful in all cases. These results suggest that preloading with either a crystalloid or colloid solution may lead to different uterine and fetal haemodynamics but these solutions had only minimal effects on fetal and neonatal myocardial performance and no effect on the clinical condition of newborns in uncomplicated pregnancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)751-757
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

cesarean section
Colloids
colloids
Hemodynamics
cardiac output
Arteries
hemodynamics
Myocardial Function
Anesthesia
Cesarean Section
Cardiac
fetus
anesthesia
neonates
Fetus
Newborn Infant
arteries
Doppler
Mothers
Echocardiography

Keywords

  • Anaesthesia, obstetric
  • Anaesthetic techniques, extradural
  • Blood flow, feto-uteroplacental

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Mathematics(all)
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Uteroplacental and fetal haemodynamics and cardiac function of the fetus and newborn after crystalloid and colloid preloading for extradural caesarean section anaesthesia. / Karinen, J.; Alahuhta, S.; Jouppila, R.; Rasanen, Juha; Jouppila, P.; Paavilainen, T.

In: British Journal of Anaesthesia, Vol. 73, No. 6, 12.1994, p. 751-757.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Karinen, J. ; Alahuhta, S. ; Jouppila, R. ; Rasanen, Juha ; Jouppila, P. ; Paavilainen, T. / Uteroplacental and fetal haemodynamics and cardiac function of the fetus and newborn after crystalloid and colloid preloading for extradural caesarean section anaesthesia. In: British Journal of Anaesthesia. 1994 ; Vol. 73, No. 6. pp. 751-757.
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