Twenty-stimulus train for rapid acquisition of auditory brainstem responses in humans

J. A. Henry, S. A. Fausti, J. B. Kempton, D. R. Trune, C. R. Mitchell

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Abstract

This study addressed the clinical need to obtain frequency-specific auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) more rapidly than is currently possible. ABRs were obtained from 20 subjects using two different methods: a conventional method with tone bursts presented singly and a multiple-stimulus method using a train of 20 tone bursts. For both methods, tone bursts were presented at frequencies 1, 2, 4, and 8 kHz, shaped with a Blackman-Harris window and having intensity levels up to 105 dB peak equivalent sound pressure level (peSPL). The single tone bursts were presented at a 17.2/sec repetition rate. The 20 tone-burst train used the four frequencies at five intensities each and a repetition rate of 3.7/sec (separations between tone bursts of 9-12 msec, with 77 msec off-time between trains). Mean latencies and mean amplitudes for wave V were compared using t-tests for each of 12 conditions (four frequencies, each at the three highest output levels). For latency, only one comparison was significantly different (2 kHz, 77 dB peSPL). Similarly, only one comparison was significant for amplitude (2 kHz, 97 dB peSPL). There was, however, a trend for the tone bursts presented in trains to have longer latencies and reduced amplitudes compared to the respective responses for the single tone-burst condition. These results indicate the presence of some response adaptation when tone bursts are presented in a train. The use of a properly designed stimulus train can result in a significant time savings for obtaining frequency-specific ABRs as compared with single tone-burst presentations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-113
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Audiology
Volume11
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 21 2000

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Keywords

  • Auditory brainstem response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing

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