A T-cell receptor (TCR) peptide vaccine from the Vβ5.2 sequence expressed in multiple sclerosis (MS) plaques and on myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific T cells boosted peptide-reactive T cells in patients with progressive MS. Vaccine responders had a reduced MBP response and remained clinically stable without side effects during one year of therapy, whereas nonresponders had an increased MBP response and progressed clinically. Peptide-specific T helper 2 cells directly inhibited MBP-specific T helper 1 cells in vitro through the release of interleukin-10, implicating a bystander suppression mechanism that holds promise for treatment of MS and other autoimmune diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)