Translational neurophysiological biomarkers of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor dysfunction in serine racemase knockout mice

Andrea Balla, Stephen Ginsberg, Atheir I. Abbas, Henry Sershen, Daniel C. Javitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Alterations in glutamatergic function are well established in schizophrenia (Sz), but new treatment development is hampered by the lack of translational pathophysiological and target engagement biomarkers as well as by the lack of animal models that recapitulate the pathophysiological features of Sz. Here, we evaluated the rodent auditory steady state response (ASSR) and long-latency auditory event-related potential (aERP) as potential translational markers. These biomarkers were assessed for their sensitivity to both the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonist phencyclidine (PCP) and to knock-out (KO) of Serine Racemase (SR), which is known to lead to Sz-like alterations in function of parvalbumin (PV)-type cortical interneurons. PCP led to significant increases of ASSR that were further increased in SRKO-/-, consistent with PV interneuron effects. Similar effects were observed in mice with selective NMDAR KO on PV interneurons. By contrast, PCP but not SRKO reduced the amplitude of the rodent analog of the human N1 potential. Overall, these findings support use of rodent ASSR and long-latency aERP, along with previously described measures such as mismatch negativity (MMN), as translational biomarkers, and support SRKO mice as a potential rodent model for PV interneuron dysfunction in Sz.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100019
JournalBiomarkers in Neuropsychiatry
StatePublished - Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • ASSR
  • Auditory steady-state response
  • Mouse
  • N-methyl-D-aspartate
  • N1
  • NMDA receptor
  • Phencyclidine
  • Rodent
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Neurology


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