Traditional Versus Digital Media–Based Hand Therapy After Distal Radius Fracture

Taylor R. Lara, Ryland P. Kagan, Shannon L. Hiratzka, Austin R. Thompson, Omar F. Nazir, Adam J. Mirarchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are common injuries with a rising incidence. A substantial portion of the cost of care is attributable to therapy services. Our purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of a self-directed hand therapy program guided by digital media compared with that of traditional therapy. Methods: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in patients aged 18 years or older who underwent open reduction and internal fixation of a DRF with volar plating. Subjects were randomized to traditional hand therapy using a 12-week protocol or an identical protocol presented in digital videos and performed at home. Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) scores were collected as the primary outcome at 2 weeks (baseline), 6 weeks, and 12 weeks or greater. Pain visual analog scale (VAS) scores, Veterans RAND 12-Item Health Survey (VR-12) scores, wrist and forearm range of motion, wrist circumference, and grip strength were recorded as secondary outcomes. Results: Fifty-one patients were enrolled. Forty-nine patients were included in the analysis—21 in the digital media group and 28 in the traditional group. Both groups demonstrated significant improvements in QuickDASH scores between baseline and 12-week or greater time points. The QuickDASH scores in the digital media group were slightly more improved than those in the traditional group at the 6-week and 12-week or greater time points; however, these differences were not statistically significant. Pain VAS and VR-12 scores were comparable between group differences at each time point. Conclusions: Our digital media program was at least as effective as traditional therapy for patients undergoing volar plating of DRF. These results may help inform the design of future trials investigating the effectiveness of digital media–based hand therapy programs. Type of study/level of evidence: Therapeutic II.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Distal radius fracture
  • hand therapy
  • postoperative rehabilitation
  • randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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