Tonic inhibition of striatal dopamine transmission: effects of benzodiazepine and GABAA receptor antagonists on extracellular dopamine levels

Rand J. Gruen, Arnold J. Friedhoff, Anne Coale, Bita Moghaddam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations


At present, it is unclear whether ligands which bind at the benzodiazepine/GABA receptor complex play a tonic modulatory role with regard to striatal dopamine (DA) transmission. The present study was designed to examine the effects of Ro15-1788, a benzodiazepine (BZ) receptor antagonist, and SR 95531, a GABAA receptor antagonist, on striatal extracellular DA (DA[e]) concentrations in anesthetized and awake rats using the technique of in vivo microdialysis. Local administration of Ro15-1788 resulted in a dose-dependent increase in DA[e] in both anesthetized and awake animals. The Ro15-1788-induced increase in DA[e] was blocked by coadministration of the BZ agonist diazepam, as well as GABA. Local administration of SR 95531 also resulted in a dose-dependent alteration in striatal DA levels in both anesthetized and awake animals. The SR 95531-induced increase in DA was blocked by coadministration of GABA. The results suggest that GABA may play a tonic inhibitory role with regard to striatal DA transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 18 1992
Externally publishedYes



  • Benzodiazepine
  • Dopamine
  • Microdialysis
  • Ro15-1788
  • SR 95531
  • Striatum
  • γ-Aminobutyric acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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