The Transforming Outcomes for Patients Through Medical Home Evaluation and reDesign (TOPMED) Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Cost and Utilization Results

Joshua Colasurdo, Christie Pizzimenti, Sumeet Singh, Katrina Ramsey, Rachel Ross, Bhavaya Sachdeva, David A. Dorr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Primary CareMedical Home (PCMH) redesign efforts are intended to enhance primary care's ability to improve population health and well-being. PCMH transformation that is focused on "high-value elements"(HVEs) for cost and utilization may improve effectiveness. Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine if a focus on achieving HVEs extracted from successful primary care transformation models would reduce cost and utilization as compared with a focus on achieving PCMH quality improvement goals. Research Design: A stratified, cluster randomized controlled trial with 2 arms. All practices received equal financial incentives, health information technology support, and in-person practice facilitation. Analyses consisted of multivariable modeling, adjusting for the cluster, with difference-in-difference results. Subjects: Eight primary care clinics that were engaged in PCMH reform. Measures: We examined: (1) total claims payments; (2) emergency department (ED) visits; and (3) hospitalizations among patients during baseline and intervention years. Results: In total, 16,099 patients met the inclusion criteria. Intervention clinics had significantly lower baseline ED visits (P=0.02) and claims paid (P=0.01). Difference-in-difference showed a decrease in ED visits greater in control than intervention (ED per 1000 patients: +56; 95% confidence interval: +96, +15) with a trend towards decreased hospitalizations in intervention (-15; 95% confidence interval: -52, +21). Costs were not different. In modeling monthly outcome means, the generalized linear mixed model showed significant differences for hospitalizations during the intervention year (P=0.03). Discussion: The trial had a trend of decreasing hospitalizations, increased ED visits, and no change in costs in the HVE versus quality improvement arms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-155
Number of pages7
JournalMedical care
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic illness management
  • Health care cost
  • Health care utilization
  • Primary Care Medical Home
  • Primary care transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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