The role of polymerization in adhesive dentistry

Milena Cadenaro, Tatjana Maravic, Allegra Comba, Annalisa Mazzoni, Lidia Fanfoni, Thomas (Tom) Hilton, Jack Ferracane, Lorenzo Breschi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adhesive systems are resin-based materials that reach their final mechanical properties through a polymerization process. Previous literature correlated the failure of the adhesive interface to low polymer setting. Adhesives systems are elaborate mixtures of different molecules of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic nature, included in the formulation to adequately infiltrate the complex dental substrate or added to prolong the stability of the adhesive layer over time. Each adhesive component may influence the polymerization reaction of the material. Photopolymerization is a complex reaction that has several clinical implications, and besides the material composition, it is influenced by multiple factors, including the substrate characteristics, the operator technique, and the light cure unit properties. This review is focused on the analysis of factors that have a potential role in the setting of adhesive materials and thus the ultimate characteristics of the adhesive layer and the stability of the resin-dentin interface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1-e22
JournalDental Materials
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Adhesive monomers
  • Adhesive systems
  • Curing lights
  • Polymerization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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