The PKARIα subunit of protein kinase a modulates the activation of p90RSK1 and its function

Deepti Chaturvedi, Michael S. Cohen, Jack Taunton, Tarun B. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previously, we showed that interactions between p90RSK1 (RSK1) and the subunits of type I protein kinase A (PKA) regulate the activity of PKA and cellular distribution of active RSK1 (Chaturvedi, D., Poppleton, H. M., Stringfield, T., Barbier, A., and Patel, T. B. (2006) Mol. Cell Biol. 26, 4586-4600). Here we examined the role of the PKARIα subunit of PKA in regulating RSK1 activation and cell survival. In mouse lung fibroblasts, silencing of the PKARIα increased the phosphorylation and activation of RSK1, but not of RSK2 and RSK3, in the absence of any stimulation. Silencing of PKARIα also decreased the nuclear accumulation of active RSK1 and increased its cytoplasmic content. The increased activation of RSK1 in the absence of any agonist and changes in its subcellular redistribution resulted in increased phosphorylation of its cytoplasmic substrate BAD and increased cell survival. The activity of PKA and phosphorylation of BAD (Ser-155) were also enhanced when PKARIα was silenced, and this, in part, contributed to increased cell survival in unstimulated cells. Furthermore, we show that RSK1, PKA subunits, D-AKAP1, and protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit (PP2Ac) exist in a complex, and dissociation of RSK1 from D-AKAP1 by either silencing of PKARIα, depletion of D-AKAP1, or by using a peptide that competes with PKARIα for binding to AKAPs, decreased the amount of PP2Ac in the RSK1 complex. We also demonstrate that PP2Ac is one of the phosphatases that dephosphorylates RSK, but not ERK1/2. Thus, in unstimulated cells, the increased phosphorylation and activation of RSK1 after silencing of PKARIα or depletion of D-AKAP1 are due to decreased association of PP2Ac in the RSK1 complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23670-23681
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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