The ovine corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) stimulation test is superior to the human CRH stimulation test for the diagnosis of cushing’s disease

L. K. Nieman, G. B. Cutler, E. H. Oldfield, D. L. Loriaux, G. P. Chrousos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ovine CRH (oCRH) stimulation test is useful in distinguishing Cushing's disease from the syndrome of ectopic ACTH secretion. Most patients with Cushing's disease have increased plasma ACTH and cortisol responses to oCRH, while patients with the ectopic ACTH syndrome do not. We predicted that the homologous hormone human CRH (hCRH) might be an equally useful diagnostic agent, with the theoretic advantage of being less immunogenic. This study compared the responses to hCRH and oCRH (1 μg/kg, iv) in 15 patients with Cushing's disease. Plasma ACTH and cortisol levels increased in most patients during the first hour after administration of either hCRH or oCRH. However, the peak and time-integrated hormonal responses to hCRH were smaller than the responses to oCRH. All but 1 patient had an ACTH and/or cortisol response to oCRH that exceeded 4 times the intraassay coefficient of variation. Three patients had neither an ACTH nor a cortisol response to hCRH by the same criterion. Thus, when administered at equivalent doses, hCRH is a less effective stimulus of ACTH and cortisol secretion in patients with Cushing's disease. Based upon the observation that the oCRH stimulation test has greater sensitivity than the hCRH stimulation test for the diagnosis of Cushing's disease, we conclude that oCRH is the preferred analog to use for CRH testing in patients with Cushing's syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-169
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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