The neurobiology of adolescence: Changes in brain architecture, functional dynamics, and behavioral tendencies

David A. Sturman, Bita Moghaddam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

122 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adolescence is a period of increased behavioral and psychiatric vulnerabilities. It is also a time of dramatic structural and functional neurodevelopment. In recent years studies have examined the precise nature of these brain and behavioral changes, and several hypotheses link them together. In this review we discuss this research and recent electrophysiological data from behaving rats that demonstrate reduced neuronal coordination and processing efficiency in adolescents. A more comprehensive understanding of these processes will further our knowledge of adolescent behavioral vulnerabilities and the pathophysiology of mental illnesses that manifest during this period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1704-1712
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Addiction
  • Depression
  • Dopamine
  • DTI
  • EEG
  • Electrophysiology
  • ERP
  • FMRI
  • Puberty
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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