The impact of therapeutic hypothermia used to treat anoxic brain injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation on organ donation outcomes

Charles Wright, Madhukar S. Patel, Xiang Gao, Maxwell Witt, Mitchell Sally, Tahnee Groat, Megan Crutchfield, Nikole Neidlinger, Markeith Pilot, Darren J. Malinoski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is clinically used to improve neurologic outcomes in patients with anoxic brain injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). For patients that regress and become organ donors after neurologic determination of death (DNDDs), the impact of TH received before determination of death on organ donation outcomes remains unknown. A prospective observational study of all adult DNDDs that received CPR and had anoxia as a cause of death from March 2013 to December 2014 was conducted across 20 organ procurement organizations (OPOs) in the United States. Main outcome measures included organs transplanted per donor (OTPD), specific organ transplantation rates, and recipient graft outcomes. One thousand ninety eight DNDDs met inclusion criteria, with 46% having received TH before determination of death. DNDDs with hypothermia before death had a similar number of OTPD (2.74 vs. 2.69, p = 0.61) and similar transplantation rates of individual organs. With regards to recipients, there was significantly less delayed graft function (DGF) in kidney grafts from donors who received TH before death (24% vs. 30%, p = 0.02). After adjusting for donor, recipient, and graft related factors, the protective effect of TH on DGF persisted (OR 0.75, 95%CI [0.56-0.995], p = 0.046). TH before death in the donor is independently associated with a 25% decrease in DGF among kidney recipients. This should be considered a protective donor selection factor in guiding the decision to accept or reject an organ for transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-264
Number of pages7
JournalTherapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • deceased donation
  • delayed graft function
  • hypothermia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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