Chromatin remodeling agents such as histone deacetylase inhibitors have been shown to modulate gene expression in tumor cells and inhibit tumor growth and angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptors represent critical molecular targets for antiangiogenesis therapy. In this study, we investigated the biological effect of the histone deacetylase inhibitor NVP-LAQ824 in combination with the VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor PTK787/ZK222584 on tumor growth and angiogenesis. We report that treatment with NVP-LAQ824 affected tumor and endothelial cells and was associated with increased histone acetylation, p21 up-regulation, and growth inhibition. In addition, NVP-LAQ824 treatment inhibited the expression of angiogenesis-related genes such as angiopoietin-2, Tie-2, and survivin in endothelial cells and down-regulated hypoxia-inducible factor 1-a and VEGF expression in tumor cells. Combination treatment with NVP-LAQ824 and PTK787/ZK222584 was more effective than single agents in inhibiting in vitro, and in vivo VEGF-induced angiogenesis. Endothelial cell proliferation, tube formation, and invasion into the Matrigel plugs were reduced. In mouse models with established subcutaneous prostate (PC3) and orthotopic breast tumors (MDA-MB321), this combination treatment induced 80 to 85% inhibition of tumor growth without overt toxicity. These results suggest that the combination of histone deacetylase inhibitors and VEGF receptor inhibitors may target multiple pathways in tumor progression and angiogenesis and represents a novel therapeutic approach in cancer treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research