The growth-stimulatory effect of simian virus 40 T antigen requires the interaction of insulinlike growth factor 1 with its receptor

P. Porcu, A. Ferber, Z. Pietrzkowski, C. T. Roberts, M. Adamo, D. LeRoith, R. Baserga

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    Abstract

    We have used a plasmid expressing a temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants of simian virus 40 (SV40) T antigen, stably transfected into 3T3 cells, to study the role of insulinlike growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and its receptor in T- antigen-mediated growth. While 3T3 cells do not grow in serum-free medium, in 1% serum, or with the sole addition of either platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) or IGF-1, cells expressing the tsA T antigen (BALB 58 cells) grow at 34°C in either PDGF or 1% serum but not in IGF-1. At the restrictive temperature (39.6°C), these cells can only grow in 10% serum. We show that BALB 58 cells, at 34°C, have a markedly increased expression of IGF-1 and IGF-1 mRNA and that their growth in 1% serum (at 34°C) is inhibited by an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide to the IGF-1 receptor RNA. When this tsA plasmid is stably transfected into cells constitutively overexpressing the human IGF-1 receptor cDNA, the resulting cell lines show a constitutively phosphorylated IGF-1 receptor and grow in serum-free medium at 34°C (but not at 39.6°C). A functional SV40 T antigen also increases the expression of a plasmid in which the reporter luciferase gene is under the control of a rat IGF-1 promoter. We conclude (i) that the SV40 T antigen induces the expression of IGF-1 and IGF-1 mRNA, at least in part by a transcriptional mechanism, thus altering the growth factors requirements, and (ii) that, in BALB/c3T3 cells, the SV40 T antigen necessitates a functional IGF-1 receptor for its growth-stimulating effect in low serum (or PDGF).

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)5069-5077
    Number of pages9
    JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
    Volume12
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology

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