The glucanases of Cellulomonas

Priya Chaudhary, Nimita N. Kumar, Dileep N. Deobagkar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cellulomonas is a unique bacterium possessing not only the capacity to degrade various carbohydrates, such as starch, xylan and cellulose, but crystalline cellulose as well. It has developed a complex battery of glucanases to deal with substrates possessing such extensive microheterogeneities. Some of these enzymes are multifunctional, as well as cross inducible, possessing a multi-domain structure; these enzymes are thought to have arisen by the shuffling of these domains. Intergeneric hybrids have been constructed between Cellulomonas and Zymomonas so as to enhance the industrial potential of this organism. This review examines the unique features of this microorganism and evaluates its key role in the conversion of complex wastes to useful products, by virtue of its unusual attributes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-331
Number of pages17
JournalBiotechnology Advances
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

Keywords

  • Cellulase
  • Cellulomonas
  • Dual activity enzymes
  • Glucanase
  • Xylanase
  • Xylosidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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