The effect of corticosteroids or nitrogen mustard on aqueous humor chemotactic activity induced by intravitreal endotoxin

James T. Rosenbaum, Wilfred Raymond, Brian W.P. Seymour, James A.K. Wolfrom, Holly Enkel, Edward L. Howes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


In rabbits intravitreal injection of endotoxin induces potent chemotactic activity for monocytes in aqueous humor. We have assessed the effect of methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg intramuscularly) or nitrogen mustard (1.75 mg/kg intravenously) on the generation of this chemotactic activity. Histologic changes, anterior chamber protein extravasation, and aqueous humor cellular infiltration were reduced by corticosteroids to a variable degree. However, even in animals with a marked reduction in protein extravasation or histologic change, chemotactic activity was substantially preserved. Similarly, nitrogen mustard induced a leukopenia without affecting the ability of endotoxin to generate chemotactic activity in aqueous humor. In contrast, corticosteroids reduced both protein extravasation and the generation of chemotactic activity induced by intravenously injected endotoxin. The results suggest that the chemotactic activity induced in the eye by intravitreal endotoxin may be locally synthesized and may be present without a substantial leukocytic infiltrate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-420
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Immunology and Immunopathology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1986


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Immunology

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