The development of clinical research training: Past history and current trends in the United States

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article provides a brief account of the history of the development of training opportunities in clinical research in the United States. It highlights some developments in the clinical research enterprise since World War II and focuses examination on the involvement of the U.S. government and academic sector. Clinical research training is a relatively new academic field, and curricula in the design and conduct of clinical research have only emerged since the 1980s. The growing complexity of clinical trials and the emergence of evidence-based medicine in the last several decades created great demand for clinicians with knowledge of clinical epidemiology and biostatistics. Amidst alarm bells rung by physician-scientist leaders about the endangered species of clinical researchers, numerous proposals and solutions emerged to address these workforce and educational problems in the 1990s. Traditionally, physicians wishing to expand their education had to get a master's degree in public health or participate in unique programs such as the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program. Since the 1990s, the National Institutes of Health, through K awards, the Roadmap Initiative, and other funding mechanisms, has furnished tremendous support for the development of clinical research training opportunities from predoctoral immersion programs to degree-granting graduate programs. The author discusses key components of successful clinical research training programs and concludes with empirical recommendations for promoting careers in clinical research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-438
Number of pages6
JournalAcademic Medicine
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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trend
history
Research
training opportunities
physician
Biostatistics
Physicians
Education
Endangered Species
World War II
Evidence-Based Medicine
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Immersion
epidemiology
Curriculum
training program
Epidemiology
Public Health
public health
History

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Education

Cite this

The development of clinical research training : Past history and current trends in the United States. / Teo, Alan.

In: Academic Medicine, Vol. 84, No. 4, 01.01.2009, p. 433-438.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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