The correlation between alopecia and temperament in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at four primate facilities

Kristine Coleman, Corrine K. Lutz, Julie M. Worlein, Daniel H. Gottlieb, Emily Peterson, Grace H. Lee, Nicola D. Robertson, Kendra Rosenberg, Mark T. Menard, Melinda A. Novak

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Alopecia is a ubiquitous, multifaceted problem at facilities caring for captive rhesus macaques. There is a wide range of potential etiologies for the hair loss, including compromised immune function, dermatological pathologies, and environmental factors. However, few studies have examined whether various temperamental traits affect vulnerability to develop alopecia. We examined the correlation between alopecia and temperament in 101 (51M) indoor-housed rhesus macaques at four national primate centers. We utilized a cage side version of the Human Intruder test (HIT) to assess response to four conditions: no human present (Alone), human intruder standing next to the cage without making eye contact (Profile), intruder making direct eye contact (Stare) and intruder with back turned (Back). Behavior from all videos was quantified at one facility. We used generalized linear modeling to examine the relationship between behavior on the HIT and alopecia, controlling for facility, age, and sex. There was a significant negative correlation between alopecia and various behaviors associated with an inhibited or anxious temperament, including self-directed behavior (β=-0.15, P

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalAmerican Journal of Primatology
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - 2015

    Fingerprint

    temperament
    alopecia
    Macaca mulatta
    primate
    Primates
    etiology
    cages
    pathology
    eyes
    hair
    vulnerability
    environmental factor
    testing
    modeling
    environmental factors
    gender
    test

    Keywords

    • Anxiety
    • Behavioral inhibition
    • Hair loss
    • Husbandry practices

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Animal Science and Zoology
    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

    Cite this

    The correlation between alopecia and temperament in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at four primate facilities. / Coleman, Kristine; Lutz, Corrine K.; Worlein, Julie M.; Gottlieb, Daniel H.; Peterson, Emily; Lee, Grace H.; Robertson, Nicola D.; Rosenberg, Kendra; Menard, Mark T.; Novak, Melinda A.

    In: American Journal of Primatology, 2015.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Coleman, K, Lutz, CK, Worlein, JM, Gottlieb, DH, Peterson, E, Lee, GH, Robertson, ND, Rosenberg, K, Menard, MT & Novak, MA 2015, 'The correlation between alopecia and temperament in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at four primate facilities', American Journal of Primatology. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22504
    Coleman, Kristine ; Lutz, Corrine K. ; Worlein, Julie M. ; Gottlieb, Daniel H. ; Peterson, Emily ; Lee, Grace H. ; Robertson, Nicola D. ; Rosenberg, Kendra ; Menard, Mark T. ; Novak, Melinda A. / The correlation between alopecia and temperament in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at four primate facilities. In: American Journal of Primatology. 2015.
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