Thin (5-mm) coronal high-field (1.5-T) MR images of four human brain specimens and 14 normal volunteers were correlated with myelin-stained microtomic sections of the specimen cerebella. The primary white-matter tracts innervating several hemispheric (posterior quadrangular, superior, and inferior semilunar, gracile, biventer, tonsil) and vermian (declive, folium, tuber) lobules are oriented perpendicularly to the coronal plane of section and are shown well on proton-density-weighted (long TR/short TE) and T2-weighted (long TR/long TE) spin-echo images, which provide excellent contrast between gray and white matter. Several of the surface sulci and fissures of the cerebellar hemispheres (including the superior posterior, horizontal, secondary, and posterolateral fissures) also course perpendicular to the coronal plane and are depicted well on T1-weighted (short TR/short TE) and T2-weighted images, which maximize contrast between CSF and parenchyma. The opportunity for side-to-side comparison of the hemispheres is a distinct advantage of the coronal view. Nevertheless, more obliquely oriented surfaces (preculminate, primary, inferior posterior, inferior anterior, and intrabiventral fissures) and deep hemispheric structures (primary white-matter tracts to central, anterior quadrangular, and floccular lobules) may be obscured by volume-averaging in the coronal plane; moreover, much of the finer anatomy of the vermis is depicted poorly. The constant surface and deep anatomy of the cerebellum revealed on coronal images in normal volunteers encourages detailed mapping. MR imaging in the coronal plane should be especially useful in identifying, localizing, and quantifying normal and abnormal morphologic differences between the cerebellar hemispheres.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging