Condiciones sistémicas asociadas con periodontitis en la infancia y la adolescencia. Una revisión de las posibilidades diagnósticas

Translated title of the contribution: Systemic conditions associated with periodontitis in childhood and adolescence. A review of diagnostic possibilities

Thomas P. Sollecito, Kathleen E. Sullivan, Andres Pinto, Jeffrey Stewart, Jonathan Korostoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The term periodontitis is used to describe a group of multifactorial diseases that result in the progressive destruction of the structures that support the teeth within the jaws, the so-called attachment apparatus, which includes the periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone. If left untreated, this process can ultimately lead to tooth loss. The pathogenesis of these diseases involves the initial colonization of the gingival microenvironment of a susceptible host by pathogenic bacteria found in dental plaque. Subsequently, much of the tissue destruction characteristic of periodontitis is a "by-product" of the host response directed against these organisms. One of the major factors that appear to modulate disease severity is systemic health. Severe periodontitis in young individuals can therefore be a manifestation of an underlying systemic disease. In this review we will discuss the most important systemic diseases that should be considered in a differential diagnosis when evaluating a pediatric patient presenting with periodontitis.

Translated title of the contributionSystemic conditions associated with periodontitis in childhood and adolescence. A review of diagnostic possibilities
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)142-150
Number of pages9
JournalMedicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal
Volume10
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

Keywords

  • Pediatric dentistry
  • Periodontal disease
  • Primary immune deficiency
  • Systemic disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

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