Surveyed opinion of American trauma surgeons in management of colon injuries

Niknam Eshraghi, Richard Mullins, John C. Mayberiy, Dawn M. Brand, Richard A. Crass, Donald D. Tnmkey

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    43 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Primary repair or resection and anastomosis of colon wounds have been advocated in many recent studies, but the proportion of trauma surgeons accepting these recommendations is unknown. Objective: To determine the current preferences of American trauma surgeons for colon injury management. Methods: Four hundred forty-nine members of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma were surveyed regarding their preferred management of eight types of colon wounds among three options: diverting colostomy (DC), primary repair (PR), or resection and anastomosis (RA). The influence of selected patient factors and surgeons' characteristics on the choice of management was also surveyed. Results: Seventy-three percent of surgeons completed the survey. Ninety-eight percent chose PR for at least one type of injury. Thirty percent never selected DC. High-velocity gunshot wound was the only injury for which the majority (54%) would perform DC. More than 55% of the surgeons favored RA when the isolated colon injury was a contusion with possible devascularization, laceration greater than 50% of the diameter, or transection. Surgeons who managed five or fewer colon wounds per year chose DC more frequently (p <0.001) and PR less frequently (p <0.001) than surgeons who managed six or more colon wounds per year. Conclusion: The prevailing opinion of trauma surgeons favors primary repair or resection of colon injuries, including anastomosis of unprepared bowel. Surgeons who manage fewer colon wounds prefer colostomy more frequently.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)93-97
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
    Volume44
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1998

    Fingerprint

    Colon
    Wounds and Injuries
    Colostomy
    Surgeons
    Gunshot Wounds
    Contusions
    Lacerations

    Keywords

    • Colon injury
    • Colostomy
    • Primary repair
    • Questionnaire

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery

    Cite this

    Surveyed opinion of American trauma surgeons in management of colon injuries. / Eshraghi, Niknam; Mullins, Richard; Mayberiy, John C.; Brand, Dawn M.; Crass, Richard A.; Tnmkey, Donald D.

    In: Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care, Vol. 44, No. 1, 01.1998, p. 93-97.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Eshraghi, Niknam ; Mullins, Richard ; Mayberiy, John C. ; Brand, Dawn M. ; Crass, Richard A. ; Tnmkey, Donald D. / Surveyed opinion of American trauma surgeons in management of colon injuries. In: Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care. 1998 ; Vol. 44, No. 1. pp. 93-97.
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    abstract = "Background: Primary repair or resection and anastomosis of colon wounds have been advocated in many recent studies, but the proportion of trauma surgeons accepting these recommendations is unknown. Objective: To determine the current preferences of American trauma surgeons for colon injury management. Methods: Four hundred forty-nine members of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma were surveyed regarding their preferred management of eight types of colon wounds among three options: diverting colostomy (DC), primary repair (PR), or resection and anastomosis (RA). The influence of selected patient factors and surgeons' characteristics on the choice of management was also surveyed. Results: Seventy-three percent of surgeons completed the survey. Ninety-eight percent chose PR for at least one type of injury. Thirty percent never selected DC. High-velocity gunshot wound was the only injury for which the majority (54{\%}) would perform DC. More than 55{\%} of the surgeons favored RA when the isolated colon injury was a contusion with possible devascularization, laceration greater than 50{\%} of the diameter, or transection. Surgeons who managed five or fewer colon wounds per year chose DC more frequently (p <0.001) and PR less frequently (p <0.001) than surgeons who managed six or more colon wounds per year. Conclusion: The prevailing opinion of trauma surgeons favors primary repair or resection of colon injuries, including anastomosis of unprepared bowel. Surgeons who manage fewer colon wounds prefer colostomy more frequently.",
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