Surgical management of spinal deformities in cerebral palsy

A review

Sean M. Jones-Quaidoo, Scott Yang, Vincent Arlet

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cerebral palsy (CP) spinal deformities encompass a spectrum of deformities that are often initially treated non-operatively, only to result in progression of scoliotic curves and further morbidity. Various surgical interventions have been devised to address the progressive curvature of the spine. This endeavor cannot be taken lightly and at times can be encumbered by prior treatments such as the use of baclofen pumps or dorsal rhizotomies. Care of these patients requires a multidisciplinary approach and comprehensive preoperative and postoperative management, including nutritional status, orthopedic assessment of functional level with specific emphasis on the hips and pelvic obliquity, and wheelchair modifications. The surgical techniques in CP scoliosis have progressively evolved from the classic Luque-Galveston fixation methods, the use of unit rods, and lately the use of pedicle screws, to modern sacropelvic fixation. With the latter method, the spinal deformity in patients with CP can usually be almost completely corrected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)672-685
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Spine
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Fingerprint

Cerebral Palsy
Rhizotomy
Baclofen
Wheelchairs
Scoliosis
Nutritional Status
Orthopedics
Hip
Patient Care
Spine
Morbidity
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Pelvic obliquity
  • Sacropelvic fixation
  • Scoliosis
  • Spastic spine
  • Unit rod

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Neurology

Cite this

Surgical management of spinal deformities in cerebral palsy : A review. / Jones-Quaidoo, Sean M.; Yang, Scott; Arlet, Vincent.

In: Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, Vol. 13, No. 6, 12.2010, p. 672-685.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Jones-Quaidoo, Sean M. ; Yang, Scott ; Arlet, Vincent. / Surgical management of spinal deformities in cerebral palsy : A review. In: Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine. 2010 ; Vol. 13, No. 6. pp. 672-685.
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