OBJECTIVE: Antibody blockade of the “do not eat me” signal CD47 (cluster of differentiation 47) enhances efferocytosis and reduces lesion size and necrotic core formation in murine atherosclerosis. TNF (Tumor necrosis factor)-α expression directly enhances CD47 expression, and elevated TNF-α is observed in the absence of the proefferocytosis receptor LRP1 (low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1), a regulator of atherogenesis and inflammation. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that CD47 blockade requires the presence of macrophage LRP1 to enhance efferocytosis, temper TNF-αdependent inflammation, and limit atherosclerosis. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Mice lacking systemic apoE (apoE−/−), alone or in combination with the loss of macrophage LRP1 (double knockout), were fed a Western-type diet for 12 weeks while receiving anti-CD47 antibody (anti-CD47) or IgG every other day. In apoE−/− mice, treatment with anti-CD47 reduced lesion size by 25.4%, decreased necrotic core area by 34.5%, and decreased the ratio of free:macrophage-associated apoptotic bodies by 47.6% compared with IgG controls (P<0.05), confirming previous reports. Double knockout mice treated with anti-CD47 showed no differences in lesion size, necrotic core area, or the ratio of free:macrophage-associated apoptotic bodies compared with IgG controls. In vitro efferocytosis was 30% higher when apoE−/− phagocytes were incubated with anti-CD47 compared with IgG controls (P<0.05); however, anti-CD47 had no effect on efferocytosis in double knockout phagocytes. Analyses of mRNA and protein showed increased CD47 expression in anti-inflammatory IL (interleukin)-4 treated LRP1−/− macrophages compared with wild type, but no differences were observed in inflammatory lipopolysaccharide-treated macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: The proefferocytosis receptor LRP1 in macrophages is necessary for anti-CD47 blockade to enhance efferocytosis, limit atherogenesis, and decrease necrotic core formation in the apoE−/− model of atherosclerosis. GRAPHIC ABSTRACT: A graphic abstract is available for this article.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2022|
- Coronary artery disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine