Stereotype threat and health disparities: what medical educators and future physicians need to know.

Diana J. Burgess, Jennifer Warren, Sean Phelan, John Dovidio, Michelle van Ryn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients' experience of stereotype threat in clinical settings and encounters may be one contributor to health care disparities. Stereotype threat occurs when cues in the environment make negative stereotypes associated with an individual's group status salient, triggering physiological and psychological processes that have detrimental consequences for behavior. By recognizing and understanding the factors that can trigger stereotype threat and understanding its consequences in medical settings, providers can prevent it from occurring or ameliorate its consequences for patient behavior and outcomes. In this paper, we discuss the implications of stereotype threat for medical education and trainee performance and offer practical suggestions for how future providers might reduce stereotype threat in their exam rooms and clinics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
Volume25 Suppl 2
StatePublished - May 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Healthcare Disparities
Physiological Phenomena
Physicians
Health
Medical Education
Cues
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Stereotype threat and health disparities : what medical educators and future physicians need to know. / Burgess, Diana J.; Warren, Jennifer; Phelan, Sean; Dovidio, John; van Ryn, Michelle.

In: Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol. 25 Suppl 2, 01.05.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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