Solvent degradation and reduced fracture toughness in aged composites.

Jack Ferracane, V. A. Marker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Qartz- and barium-glass-filled composites aged for more than one year in ethanol experienced a significant reduction in fracture toughness (K1c), essentially identical to that experienced after two months of aging. This reduction is mainly attributed to a softening of the resin matrix, but cracking within the resin and at the filler/matrix interface, as revealed by SEM microscopy, may also have contributed. No significant cracking could be seen in the composites aged in water. Composites post-cured at temperatures approaching their glass-transition temperature also experienced a reduction in K1c after alcohol storage. Storage in water for one year had little effect on the K1c of composites cured at oral temperatures, but a significant increase was observed for those post-cured at elevated temperatures. This increase is difficult to explain, but appears to involve a filler/matrix interfacial phenomenon, because it was not observed in the unfilled resin. The results of this study demonstrate that an alteration in the fracture resistance and some degradation of the filler/matrix interface, as has been observed clinically, occur after long-term exposure of dental composites to certain solvents used as food-simulating liquids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume71
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1992

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Temperature
Fracture Fixation
Water
Transition Temperature
Glass
Microscopy
Tooth
Ethanol
Alcohols
Food
barium glass filler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Solvent degradation and reduced fracture toughness in aged composites. / Ferracane, Jack; Marker, V. A.

In: Journal of Dental Research, Vol. 71, No. 1, 01.1992, p. 13-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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