Skilled nursing facility admissions of nursing home residents with advanced dementia

Jane L. Givens, Susan L. Mitchell, Sylvia Kuo, Pedro Gozalo, Vince Mor, Joan Teno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To describe the extent to which hospitalized nursing home (NH) residents with advanced dementia were admitted to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) after a qualifying hospitalization and to identify resident and nursing home characteristics associated with a greater likelihood of SNF admissions. Design Cohort study using data from the Minimum Data Set, Medicare claims, and the On-line Survey Certification of Automated Records. Setting United States, 2000-2006. Participants Nursing home residents with advanced dementia aged 65 and older with a 3-day hospitalization (N = 4,177). Measurements The likelihood of SNF admission after hospitalization was calculated. Resident and nursing home factors associated with SNF admission were identified using hierarchical multivariable logistic regression. Results Sixty-one percent of residents with advanced dementia were admitted to a SNF after their hospitalization. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement during hospitalization was strongly associated with SNF admission (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.85-2.88), as was better functional status (AOR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.05-1.38). The presence of diabetes mellitus was associated with lower likelihood of SNF admission (AOR = 0.85, 95% CI = 0.73-0.99). Facility features significantly associated with SNF admission included more than 100 beds (AOR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.07-1.46), being part of a chain (AOR = 1.31, 95% CI = 1.14-1.50), urban location (AOR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.03-1.41), and for-profit status (AOR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.09-1.51). Conclusion The majority of nursing home residents with advanced dementia are admitted to SNFs after a qualifying hospitalization. SNF admission is strongly associated with PEG tube insertion during hospitalization and with nursing home factors. Efforts to optimize appropriate use of SNF services in individuals with advanced dementia should focus on these factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1645-1650
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume61
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • dementia
  • nursing home
  • skilled nursing facility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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