Single-nucleotide polymorphism array genotyping is equivalent to metaphase cytogenetics for diagnosis of Turner syndrome

Siddharth Prakash, Dongchuan Guo, Cheryl L. Maslen, Michael Silberbach, Dianna Milewicz, Carolyn A. Bondy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose:Turner syndrome is a developmental disorder caused by partial or complete monosomy for the X chromosome in 1 in 2,500 females. We hypothesized that single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array genotyping could provide superior resolution in comparison to metaphase karyotype analysis to facilitate genotype-phenotype correlations.Methods:We genotyped 187 Turner syndrome patients with 733,000 SNP marker arrays. All cases met diagnostic criteria for Turner syndrome based on karyotypes (60%) or characteristic physical features. The SNP array results confirmed the diagnosis of Turner syndrome in 100% of cases.Results:We identified a single X chromosome (45,X) in 113 cases. In 58 additional cases (31%), other mosaic cell lines were present, including isochromosomes (16%), rings (5%), and Xp deletions (8%). The remaining cases were mosaic for monosomy X and normal male or female cell lines. Array-based models of X chromosome structure were compatible with karyotypes in 104 of 116 comparable cases (90%). We found that the SNP array data did not detect X-autosome translocations (three cases) but did identify two derivative Y chromosomes and 13 large copy-number variants that were not detected by karyotyping.Conclusion:Our study is the first systematic comparison between the two methods and supports the utility of SNP array genotyping to address clinical and research questions in Turner syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
JournalGenetics in Medicine
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Turner syndrome
  • array
  • cytogenetics
  • diagnosis
  • karyotype
  • sex chromosomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

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