While severe coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with immune activation at the maternal-fetal interface, responses to asymptomatic/mild severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection during pregnancy remain unknown. Here, we assess immunological adaptations in blood and term decidua in response to asymptomatic/mild disease in pregnant women. We report attenuated antigen presentation and type I interferon (IFN) signaling pathways, loss of tissue-resident decidual macrophages, and upregulated cytokine/chemokine signaling in monocyte-derived decidual macrophages. Furthermore, we describe increased frequencies of activated tissue-resident T cells and decreased abundance of regulatory T cells with infection while frequencies of cytotoxic CD4/CD8 T cells are increased in the blood. In contrast to decidual macrophages, type I IFN signaling is higher in decidual T cells. Finally, infection leads to a narrowing of T cell receptor diversity in both blood and decidua. Collectively, these observations indicate that asymptomatic/mild COVID-19 during pregnancy results in remodeling of the immunological landscape of the maternal-fetal interface, with a potential for long-term adverse outcomes for the offspring.
- CP: Immunology
- CP: Microbiology
- T cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)