Angiostatin is an endogenous inhibitor of tumor neovascularization that inhibits the proliferation of endothelial cells. Production of sufficient quantities of biologically active angiostatin by the enzymatic cleavage of plasminogen has proven difficult in that it has delayed clinical testing. We have cloned, expressed, and purified a recombinant human angiostatin derivative (K1-3) using a mammalian expression system. Through the addition of a secretory signal and polyhistidine sequence tag, K1-3 can be purified from postculture medium by simple column chromatography. Purified K1-3 protein is apparently folded in an active conformation, as evidenced by its ability to bind to lysine-Sepharose. In vitro, recombinant K1-3 significantly suppressed endothelial cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 of 50 nM. Using an animal model of intracranial brain tumors in immune-competent rats, systemic administration of purified recombinant K1-3 resulted in up to 85% suppression of tumor growth (P = 0.011). Growth suppression was accompanied by a 32% decrease (P = 0.01) in tumor neovascularization. This study demonstrates a simple method to produce a biologically active recombinant angiostatin derivative. The ability to suppress intracerebral tumor growth after systemic administration suggests that K1-3 is likely to have therapeutic value in the treatment of malignant glial tumors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research