Shared heritability and functional enrichment across six solid cancers

Xia Jiang, Hilary K. Finucane, Fredrick R. Schumacher, Stephanie L. Schmit, Jonathan P. Tyrer, Younghun Han, Kyriaki Michailidou, Corina Lesseur, Karoline B. Kuchenbaecker, Joe Dennis, David V. Conti, Graham Casey, Mia M. Gaudet, Jeroen R. Huyghe, Demetrius Albanes, Melinda C. Aldrich, Angeline S. Andrew, Irene L. Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Antonis C. AntoniouNatalia N. Antonenkova, Susanne M. Arnold, Kristan J. Aronson, Banu K. Arun, Elisa V. Bandera, Rosa B. Barkardottir, Daniel R. Barnes, Jyotsna Batra, Matthias W. Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Sara Benlloch, Andrew Berchuck, Sonja I. Berndt, Heike Bickeböller, Stephanie A. Bien, Carl Blomqvist, Stefania Boccia, Natalia V. Bogdanova, Stig E. Bojesen, Manjeet K. Bolla, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, James D. Brenton, Mark N. Brook, Joan Brunet, Hans Brunnström, Daniel D. Buchanan, Barbara Burwinkel, Ralf Butzow, Gabriella Cadoni, Trinidad Caldés, Maria A. Caligo, Ian Campbell, Peter T. Campbell, Géraldine Cancel-Tassin, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Daniele Campa, Neil Caporaso, André L. Carvalho, Andrew T. Chan, Jenny Chang-Claude, Stephen J. Chanock, Chu Chen, David C. Christiani, Kathleen B.M. Claes, Frank Claessens, Judith Clements, J. Margriet Collée, Marcia Cruz Correa, Fergus J. Couch, Angela Cox, Julie M. Cunningham, Cezary Cybulski, Kamila Czene, Mary B. Daly, Anna deFazio, Peter Devilee, Orland Diez, Manuela Gago-Dominguez, Jenny L. Donovan, Thilo Dörk, Eric J. Duell, Alison M. Dunning, Miriam Dwek, Diana M. Eccles, Christopher K. Edlund, Digna R.Velez Edwards, Carolina Ellberg, D. Gareth Evans, Peter A. Fasching, Robert L. Ferris, Triantafillos Liloglou, Jane C. Figueiredo, Olivia Fletcher, Renée T. Fortner, Florentia Fostira, Silvia Franceschi, Eitan Friedman, Steven J. Gallinger, Patricia A. Ganz, Judy Garber, José A. García-Sáenz, Simon A. Gayther, Graham G. Giles, Andrew K. Godwin, Mark S. Goldberg, David E. Goldgar, Ellen L. Goode, Marc T. Goodman, Gary Goodman, Kjell Grankvist, Mark H. Greene, Henrik Gronberg, Jacek Gronwald, Pascal Guénel, Niclas Håkansson, Per Hall, Ute Hamann, Freddie C. Hamdy, Robert J. Hamilton, Jochen Hampe, Aage Haugen, Florian Heitz, Rolando Herrero, Peter Hillemanns, Michael Hoffmeister, Estrid Høgdall, Yun Chul Hong, John L. Hopper, Richard Houlston, Peter J. Hulick, David J. Hunter, David G. Huntsman, Gregory Idos, Evgeny N. Imyanitov, Sue Ann Ingles, Claudine Isaacs, Anna Jakubowska, Paul James, Mark A. Jenkins, Mattias Johansson, Mikael Johansson, Esther M. John, Amit D. Joshi, Radka Kaneva, Beth Y. Karlan, Linda E. Kelemen, Tabea Kühl, Kay Tee Khaw, Elza Khusnutdinova, Adam S. Kibel, Lambertus A. Kiemeney, Jeri Kim, Susanne K. Kjaer, Julia A. Knight, Manolis Kogevinas, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Stella Koutros, Vessela N. Kristensen, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Martin Lacko, Stephan Lam, Diether Lambrechts, Maria Teresa Landi, Philip Lazarus, Nhu D. Le, Eunjung Lee, Flavio Lejbkowicz, Heinz Josef Lenz, Goska Leslie, Davor Lessel, Jenny Lester, Douglas A. Levine, Li Li, Christopher I. Li, Annika Lindblom, Noralane M. Lindor, Geoffrey Liu, Fotios Loupakis, Jan Lubiński, Lovise Maehle, Christiane Maier, Arto Mannermaa, Loic Le Marchand, Sara Margolin, Taymaa May, Lesley McGuffog, Alfons Meindl, Pooja Middha, Austin Miller, Roger L. Milne, Robert J. MacInnis, Francesmary Modugno, Marco Montagna, Victor Moreno, Kirsten B. Moysich, Lorelei Mucci, Kenneth Muir, Anna Marie Mulligan, Katherine L. Nathanson, David E. Neal, Andrew R. Ness, Susan L. Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Polly A. Newcomb, Lisa F. Newcomb, Finn Cilius Nielsen, Liene Nikitina-Zake, Børge G. Nordestgaard, Robert L. Nussbaum, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Ali Amin Al Olama, Olufunmilayo I. Olopade, Andrew F. Olshan, Håkan Olsson, Ana Osorio, Hardev Pandha, Jong Y. Park, Nora Pashayan, Michael T. Parsons, Tanja Pejovic, Kathryn L. Penney, Wilbert H.M. Peters, Catherine M. Phelan, Amanda I. Phipps, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Miranda Pring, Darya Prokofyeva, Paolo Radice, Kari Stefansson, Susan J. Ramus, Leon Raskin, Gad Rennert, Hedy S. Rennert, Elizabeth J. van Rensburg, Marjorie J. Riggan, Harvey A. Risch, Angela Risch, Monique J. Roobol, Barry S. Rosenstein, Mary Anne Rossing, Kim De Ruyck, Emmanouil Saloustros, Dale P. Sandler, Elinor J. Sawyer, Matthew B. Schabath, Johanna Schleutker, Marjanka K. Schmidt, V. Wendy Setiawan, Hongbing Shen, Erin M. Siegel, Weiva Sieh, Christian F. Singer, Martha L. Slattery, Karina Dalsgaard Sorensen, Melissa C. Southey, Amanda B. Spurdle, Janet L. Stanford, Victoria L. Stevens, Sebastian Stintzing, Jennifer Stone, Karin Sundfeldt, Rebecca Sutphen, Anthony J. Swerdlow, Eloiza H. Tajara, Catherine M. Tangen, Adonina Tardon, Jack A. Taylor, M. Dawn Teare, Manuel R. Teixeira, Mary Beth Terry, Kathryn L. Terry, Stephen N. Thibodeau, Mads Thomassen, Line Bjørge, Marc Tischkowitz, Amanda E. Toland, Diana Torres, Paul A. Townsend, Ruth C. Travis, Nadine Tung, Shelley S. Tworoger, Cornelia M. Ulrich, Nawaid Usmani, Celine M. Vachon, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Ana Vega, Miguel Elías Aguado-Barrera, Qin Wang, Penelope M. Webb, Clarice R. Weinberg, Stephanie Weinstein, Mark C. Weissler, Jeffrey N. Weitzel, Catharine M.L. West, Emily White, Alice S. Whittemore, H. Erich Wichmann, Fredrik Wiklund, Robert Winqvist, Alicja Wolk, Penella Woll, Michael Woods, Anna H. Wu, Xifeng Wu, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Wei Zheng, Shanbeh Zienolddiny, Argyrios Ziogas, Kristin K. Zorn, Jacqueline M. Lane, Richa Saxena, Duncan Thomas, Rayjean J. Hung, Brenda Diergaarde, James McKay, Ulrike Peters, Li Hsu, Montserrat García-Closas, Rosalind A. Eeles, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Paul J. Brennan, Christopher A. Haiman, Jacques Simard, Douglas F. Easton, Stephen B. Gruber, Paul D.P. Pharoah, Alkes L. Price, Bogdan Pasaniuc, Christopher I. Amos, Peter Kraft, Sara Lindström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantifying the genetic correlation between cancers can provide important insights into the mechanisms driving cancer etiology. Using genome-wide association study summary statistics across six cancer types based on a total of 296,215 cases and 301,319 controls of European ancestry, here we estimate the pair-wise genetic correlations between breast, colorectal, head/neck, lung, ovary and prostate cancer, and between cancers and 38 other diseases. We observed statistically significant genetic correlations between lung and head/neck cancer (rg = 0.57, p = 4.6 × 10−8), breast and ovarian cancer (rg = 0.24, p = 7 × 10−5), breast and lung cancer (rg = 0.18, p =1.5 × 10−6) and breast and colorectal cancer (rg = 0.15, p = 1.1 × 10−4). We also found that multiple cancers are genetically correlated with non-cancer traits including smoking, psychiatric diseases and metabolic characteristics. Functional enrichment analysis revealed a significant excess contribution of conserved and regulatory regions to cancer heritability. Our comprehensive analysis of cross-cancer heritability suggests that solid tumors arising across tissues share in part a common germline genetic basis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number431
JournalNature communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Jiang, X., Finucane, H. K., Schumacher, F. R., Schmit, S. L., Tyrer, J. P., Han, Y., Michailidou, K., Lesseur, C., Kuchenbaecker, K. B., Dennis, J., Conti, D. V., Casey, G., Gaudet, M. M., Huyghe, J. R., Albanes, D., Aldrich, M. C., Andrew, A. S., Andrulis, I. L., Anton-Culver, H., ... Lindström, S. (2019). Shared heritability and functional enrichment across six solid cancers. Nature communications, 10(1), [431]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-08054-4