Sequestration of Antimonite by Zerovalent Iron: Using Weak Magnetic Field Effects to Enhance Performance and Characterize Reaction Mechanisms

Chunhua Xu, Bingliang Zhang, Liujia Zhu, Sheng Lin, Xueping Sun, Zheng Jiang, Paul Tratnyek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many oxyanion-forming metals (As, Sb, Se, Tc, etc.) can be removed from water by adsorption and/or redox reactions involving iron oxides, including the oxides associated with zerovalent iron (ZVI). The rate of antimonite (Sb(III) hydrolysis species) removal by ZVI was determined in open, well-mixed batch reactors as a function of experimental factors, including aging of the ZVI, addition of Fe(II), Sb dose, mixing rate, pH, initial concentrations of Sb(III), etc. However, the largest effect observed was the roughly 6-8 fold increase in Sb(III) removal rate due to the application of a weak magnetic field (WMF) during the experiments. The WMF effect on Sb removal arises from stimulated corrosion and delayed passivation of the ZVI, as evidenced by time series correlation analysis of geochemical properties (DO, Fetot, Eh, and pH) measured synchronously in each experiment. The removal of Sb under the conditions of this study was mainly due to oxidation of Sb(III) to Sb(V) and adsorption and coprecipitation onto the iron oxides formed from accelerated corrosion of ZVI, as evidenced by Sb K-edge XANES, EXAFS, and XPS. The degree of the WMF enhancement for Sb(III) was found to be similar to the WMF effect reported previously for Sb(V), As(III), As(V), and Se(VI).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1483-1491
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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