Sensitization of locus ceruleus neurons during withdrawal from chronic stimulants and antidepressants

G. C. Harris, John Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of chronic exposure to cocaine, amphetamine and desipramine on noradrenergic neurons in the locus ceruleus were examined using intracellular recordings in rat brain slices. Animals were treated for 2 weeks with either cocaine, amphetamine or desipramine, and all recordings were made after a 1- week withdrawal period. Cells from all three drug-treated groups showed a significant increase in sensitivity to the acute effects of cocaine and amphetamine in prolonging the time course of the noradrenaline-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic potential. At the highest cocaine and amphetamine doses tested (10 and 3 μM, respectively), the inhibitory postsynaptic potential duration was increased approximately 233% in the drug-treated groups relative to saline controls. In addition, locus ceruleus neurons from the cocaine-, amphetamine- and desipramine-treated groups showed a significant 10, 12 and 17% increase, respectively, in the maximum outward current produced by clonidine. There was also a significant increase in the behavioral sensitivity of the drug-treated animals to the sedative effects of clonidine. The mechanisms responsible for the increased sensitivity to the acute effects of cocaine, amphetamine and alpha-2 agonists may play a role in the withdrawal response to psychostimulants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-483
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume261
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1992

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Locus Coeruleus
Amphetamine
Cocaine
Antidepressive Agents
Neurons
Desipramine
Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials
Clonidine
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Adrenergic Neurons
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Norepinephrine
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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abstract = "The effects of chronic exposure to cocaine, amphetamine and desipramine on noradrenergic neurons in the locus ceruleus were examined using intracellular recordings in rat brain slices. Animals were treated for 2 weeks with either cocaine, amphetamine or desipramine, and all recordings were made after a 1- week withdrawal period. Cells from all three drug-treated groups showed a significant increase in sensitivity to the acute effects of cocaine and amphetamine in prolonging the time course of the noradrenaline-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic potential. At the highest cocaine and amphetamine doses tested (10 and 3 μM, respectively), the inhibitory postsynaptic potential duration was increased approximately 233{\%} in the drug-treated groups relative to saline controls. In addition, locus ceruleus neurons from the cocaine-, amphetamine- and desipramine-treated groups showed a significant 10, 12 and 17{\%} increase, respectively, in the maximum outward current produced by clonidine. There was also a significant increase in the behavioral sensitivity of the drug-treated animals to the sedative effects of clonidine. The mechanisms responsible for the increased sensitivity to the acute effects of cocaine, amphetamine and alpha-2 agonists may play a role in the withdrawal response to psychostimulants.",
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N2 - The effects of chronic exposure to cocaine, amphetamine and desipramine on noradrenergic neurons in the locus ceruleus were examined using intracellular recordings in rat brain slices. Animals were treated for 2 weeks with either cocaine, amphetamine or desipramine, and all recordings were made after a 1- week withdrawal period. Cells from all three drug-treated groups showed a significant increase in sensitivity to the acute effects of cocaine and amphetamine in prolonging the time course of the noradrenaline-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic potential. At the highest cocaine and amphetamine doses tested (10 and 3 μM, respectively), the inhibitory postsynaptic potential duration was increased approximately 233% in the drug-treated groups relative to saline controls. In addition, locus ceruleus neurons from the cocaine-, amphetamine- and desipramine-treated groups showed a significant 10, 12 and 17% increase, respectively, in the maximum outward current produced by clonidine. There was also a significant increase in the behavioral sensitivity of the drug-treated animals to the sedative effects of clonidine. The mechanisms responsible for the increased sensitivity to the acute effects of cocaine, amphetamine and alpha-2 agonists may play a role in the withdrawal response to psychostimulants.

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