The insulin and insulin-like growth factor I receptors (IR and IGF-IR, respectively) are heterotetrameric tyrosine kinases consisting of two extracellular ligand-binding α subunits and two transmembrane catalytic β subunits. A number of lines of evidence have suggested that the IR and IGF- IR differ with respect to their ability to elicit mitogenic versus metabolic events upon activation by cognate ligands. To ascertain the contribution of the poorly conserved carboxyl-terminal domains to the differential functioning of the IR and IGF-IR, we have constructed receptor chimeras in which the carboxyl-terminal domain of one receptor was fused to the remainder of the heterologous receptor. The responses of a number of parameters after ligand stimulation were examined in stably transfected NIH-3T3 cells expressing the chimeric receptors or the analogous wild-type receptor sequence. Replacement of the IR carboxyl terminus with that of the IGF-IR severely affected insulin-stimulated responses, whereas substitution of the carboxyl terminus of the IGF-IR with that of the IR had a minimal effect. These data suggest that the carboxyl-terminal domains of the IR and IGF-IR are not interchangeable and that the mitogenic activity of the IR can be influenced by sequences present in the carboxyl-terminal domain. The analogous functions of the IGF-IR, on the other hand, do not appear to be greatly affected by the presence of the IR carboxyl-terminal domain.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - May 13 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology