Retroviral-mediated gene transfer of human ornithine transcarbamylase into primary hepatocytes of spf and spf-ash mice

Markus Grompe, Stephen N. Jones, Hermela Loulseged, C. Thomas Caskey

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49 Scopus citations


The sparse fur (spf) and the sparse fur/abnormal skin and hair (spf-ash) mice are two murine models of the human X-linked disorder ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency. A defective recombinant retrovirus, ΔN2OTC was used to transduce primary hepatocytes derived from these mutant animals. Transduction of the primary cultures was highly efficient, with an average pro viral copy number of 0.5-2 per cell in the population of transduced hepatocytes. Northern analysis and slot blots of total RNA isolated from transduced cells showed levels of human OTC mRNA to be equivalent to that present in normal human liver. Enzymatic assays demonstrated that a partial biochemical correction of the defect was achieved. After retroviral transduction, the hepatocytes were trypsinized and replated for long-term culture. Viability after replating exceeded 90%, indicating that the transduced cells might be useful for transplantation. The successful in vitro correction of OTC deficiency by this vector suggests that it will also be useful in somatic gene therapy experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-44
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Gene Therapy
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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