Purpose: To formulate a statistical model relating ablation time, power, and work with posttreatment cavity volume following percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatic tumors in vivo. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review (October 2015 to October 2018) yielded 122 hepatic tumors treated with microwave ablation. Ablation cavity dimensions were measured at 1-month follow-up examination and calculated using an ellipsoid volume formula. The antenna manufacturer (Neuwave Medical, Madison, Wisconsin) provided the activation time and energy used to calculate the antenna work. Generalized estimating equations with ordinary least-squares regression models were obtained to relate tumor volume with cumulative antenna work. Coefficient of determination (R2) and mean square error were used as statistical measures of model prediction performance. Results: There is a logarithmic relationship between postablation cavity volume (cm3) and cumulative work (kJ), represented by the formula: log10 cm3 = −0.4583 + 0.9887 × cumulative work (log10 kJ) (R2 = 0.41, mean square error, 0.102). Ablation volumes were predicted as a function of antenna work, calculated using an antilog transformation. When a single antenna was used, ablation cavity volume was predicted using a generalized estimating equation ordinary least-squares regression model of power and time: log10cm3= −0.0546 + 0.0485 × total time (min) + 0.0107 × power (W) (R2 = 0.30; mean square error, 0.106). Using this model, a nomogram was developed to predict the postablation cavity volume based on total activation time and target power. Conclusion: There is a logarithmic relationship between the ablation work and posttreatment ablation cavity volume, which can be expressed in a nomogram when using a single probe.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine