Rehabilitation and Postoperative Management Practices After Osteochondral Allograft Transplants to the Distal Femur: A Report From the Metrics of Osteochondral Allografts (MOCA) Study Group 2016 Survey

Marie S. Kane, Karlee Lau, Dennis Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: We present the current spectrum of postoperative management practices for patients receiving distal femur osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplants. Evidence Acquisition: The Joint Restoration Foundation database was examined in cooperation with the Metrics of Osteochondral Allografts study group to identify 121 surgeons who had performed at least 1 OCA transplant in the past year; 63% of surgeons responded. Study Design: Clinical survey. Level of Evidence: Level 3. Results: Postoperative weightbearing restrictions ranged from immediate nonweightbearing with full weightbearing by 12 weeks to immediate weightbearing as tolerated. Most surgeons who performed fewer (<10) OCA transplants per year followed the most restrictive protocol, while surgeons who performed more (>20) OCA transplants per year followed the least restrictive protocol. One-third of surgeons with the most restrictive protocol were more likely to change their protocol to be less restrictive over time, while none of those with the least restrictive protocol changed their protocol over time. Fifty-five percent of surgeons permitted return to full activity at 26 weeks, while 27% of surgeons lifted restrictions at 16 weeks. Conclusion: Characterization of the spectrum of postoperative management practices after OCA transplantation provides a foundation for future investigations regarding patient outcomes and associated cost to establish best practice guidelines. Fundamentally, surgeons with more experience with this procedure tended to be more aggressive with their postoperative rehabilitation guidelines. Most commonly, rehabilitation provided for some degree of limited weightbearing; however, the spectrum also included immediate full weightbearing practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-563
Number of pages9
JournalSports Health
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Fingerprint

Practice Management
Femur
Allografts
Rehabilitation
Weight-Bearing
Transplants
Practice Guidelines
Surgeons
Surveys and Questionnaires
Joints
Transplantation
Databases
Guidelines
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • cartilage
  • knee
  • osteochondral allograft
  • rehabilitation
  • weightbearing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

@article{62c10e08b95c42538a7b73d98e99ea44,
title = "Rehabilitation and Postoperative Management Practices After Osteochondral Allograft Transplants to the Distal Femur: A Report From the Metrics of Osteochondral Allografts (MOCA) Study Group 2016 Survey",
abstract = "Context: We present the current spectrum of postoperative management practices for patients receiving distal femur osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplants. Evidence Acquisition: The Joint Restoration Foundation database was examined in cooperation with the Metrics of Osteochondral Allografts study group to identify 121 surgeons who had performed at least 1 OCA transplant in the past year; 63{\%} of surgeons responded. Study Design: Clinical survey. Level of Evidence: Level 3. Results: Postoperative weightbearing restrictions ranged from immediate nonweightbearing with full weightbearing by 12 weeks to immediate weightbearing as tolerated. Most surgeons who performed fewer (<10) OCA transplants per year followed the most restrictive protocol, while surgeons who performed more (>20) OCA transplants per year followed the least restrictive protocol. One-third of surgeons with the most restrictive protocol were more likely to change their protocol to be less restrictive over time, while none of those with the least restrictive protocol changed their protocol over time. Fifty-five percent of surgeons permitted return to full activity at 26 weeks, while 27{\%} of surgeons lifted restrictions at 16 weeks. Conclusion: Characterization of the spectrum of postoperative management practices after OCA transplantation provides a foundation for future investigations regarding patient outcomes and associated cost to establish best practice guidelines. Fundamentally, surgeons with more experience with this procedure tended to be more aggressive with their postoperative rehabilitation guidelines. Most commonly, rehabilitation provided for some degree of limited weightbearing; however, the spectrum also included immediate full weightbearing practices.",
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author = "Kane, {Marie S.} and Karlee Lau and Dennis Crawford",
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AU - Lau, Karlee

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N2 - Context: We present the current spectrum of postoperative management practices for patients receiving distal femur osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplants. Evidence Acquisition: The Joint Restoration Foundation database was examined in cooperation with the Metrics of Osteochondral Allografts study group to identify 121 surgeons who had performed at least 1 OCA transplant in the past year; 63% of surgeons responded. Study Design: Clinical survey. Level of Evidence: Level 3. Results: Postoperative weightbearing restrictions ranged from immediate nonweightbearing with full weightbearing by 12 weeks to immediate weightbearing as tolerated. Most surgeons who performed fewer (<10) OCA transplants per year followed the most restrictive protocol, while surgeons who performed more (>20) OCA transplants per year followed the least restrictive protocol. One-third of surgeons with the most restrictive protocol were more likely to change their protocol to be less restrictive over time, while none of those with the least restrictive protocol changed their protocol over time. Fifty-five percent of surgeons permitted return to full activity at 26 weeks, while 27% of surgeons lifted restrictions at 16 weeks. Conclusion: Characterization of the spectrum of postoperative management practices after OCA transplantation provides a foundation for future investigations regarding patient outcomes and associated cost to establish best practice guidelines. Fundamentally, surgeons with more experience with this procedure tended to be more aggressive with their postoperative rehabilitation guidelines. Most commonly, rehabilitation provided for some degree of limited weightbearing; however, the spectrum also included immediate full weightbearing practices.

AB - Context: We present the current spectrum of postoperative management practices for patients receiving distal femur osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplants. Evidence Acquisition: The Joint Restoration Foundation database was examined in cooperation with the Metrics of Osteochondral Allografts study group to identify 121 surgeons who had performed at least 1 OCA transplant in the past year; 63% of surgeons responded. Study Design: Clinical survey. Level of Evidence: Level 3. Results: Postoperative weightbearing restrictions ranged from immediate nonweightbearing with full weightbearing by 12 weeks to immediate weightbearing as tolerated. Most surgeons who performed fewer (<10) OCA transplants per year followed the most restrictive protocol, while surgeons who performed more (>20) OCA transplants per year followed the least restrictive protocol. One-third of surgeons with the most restrictive protocol were more likely to change their protocol to be less restrictive over time, while none of those with the least restrictive protocol changed their protocol over time. Fifty-five percent of surgeons permitted return to full activity at 26 weeks, while 27% of surgeons lifted restrictions at 16 weeks. Conclusion: Characterization of the spectrum of postoperative management practices after OCA transplantation provides a foundation for future investigations regarding patient outcomes and associated cost to establish best practice guidelines. Fundamentally, surgeons with more experience with this procedure tended to be more aggressive with their postoperative rehabilitation guidelines. Most commonly, rehabilitation provided for some degree of limited weightbearing; however, the spectrum also included immediate full weightbearing practices.

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