Regulation of thymidylate synthase in human colon cancer cells treated with 5-fluorouracil and interferon-γ

Edward Chu, David Koeller, Patrick G. Johnston, Sydelle Zinn, Carmen J. Allegra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The effects of fluorouracil (5-FU) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) on the regulation of thymidylate synthase (TS) gene expression were investigated in the human colon cancer H630 cell line. By Western immunoblot analysis, TS protein levels in H630 cells were increased 3-, 5.5-, 5-, and 2.5-fold after 8-, 16-, 24-, and 36-hr exposure to 1 μM 5-FU, respectively. When H630 cells were exposed to varying concentrations of 5-FU (0.3-10 μM) for 24 hr, increases in TS protein up to 5.5-fold were observed. A 24-hr exposure to 1 μM 5-FU resulted in a 4.5-fold increase in the level of TS protein, whereas in 5-FU/IFN-γ-treated cells TS protein was increased by only 1.8-fold, compared with control cells. IFN-γ treatment alone did not affect TS protein levels, relative to control. Northern blot analysis revealed no changes in TS mRNA levels when H630 cells were exposed either to 1 μM 5-FU for 8-36 hr, to varying concentrations of 5-FU (0.3-10 μM) for 24 hr, or to the combination of 5-FU and IFN-γ. Pulse-labeling studies with [35S]methionine demonstrated a 3.5-fold increase in net synthesis of TS in cells treated with 1 μM 5-FU, whereas the level of newly synthesized TS increased only 1.5-fold in cells treated with 5-FU/IFN-γ, compared with control cells. Pulse-chase studies revealed that the half-lives of TS protein in control and 5-FU-treated cells were equivalent. These findings demonstrate that the increase in TS protein after 5-FU exposure and the subsequent inhibitory effect of IFN-γ on TS protein expression are both regulated at the post-transcriptional level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-533
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume43
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Thymidylate Synthase
Fluorouracil
Colonic Neoplasms
Interferons
Proteins
Northern Blotting
Methionine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Regulation of thymidylate synthase in human colon cancer cells treated with 5-fluorouracil and interferon-γ. / Chu, Edward; Koeller, David; Johnston, Patrick G.; Zinn, Sydelle; Allegra, Carmen J.

In: Molecular Pharmacology, Vol. 43, No. 4, 04.1993, p. 527-533.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chu, Edward ; Koeller, David ; Johnston, Patrick G. ; Zinn, Sydelle ; Allegra, Carmen J. / Regulation of thymidylate synthase in human colon cancer cells treated with 5-fluorouracil and interferon-γ. In: Molecular Pharmacology. 1993 ; Vol. 43, No. 4. pp. 527-533.
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abstract = "The effects of fluorouracil (5-FU) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) on the regulation of thymidylate synthase (TS) gene expression were investigated in the human colon cancer H630 cell line. By Western immunoblot analysis, TS protein levels in H630 cells were increased 3-, 5.5-, 5-, and 2.5-fold after 8-, 16-, 24-, and 36-hr exposure to 1 μM 5-FU, respectively. When H630 cells were exposed to varying concentrations of 5-FU (0.3-10 μM) for 24 hr, increases in TS protein up to 5.5-fold were observed. A 24-hr exposure to 1 μM 5-FU resulted in a 4.5-fold increase in the level of TS protein, whereas in 5-FU/IFN-γ-treated cells TS protein was increased by only 1.8-fold, compared with control cells. IFN-γ treatment alone did not affect TS protein levels, relative to control. Northern blot analysis revealed no changes in TS mRNA levels when H630 cells were exposed either to 1 μM 5-FU for 8-36 hr, to varying concentrations of 5-FU (0.3-10 μM) for 24 hr, or to the combination of 5-FU and IFN-γ. Pulse-labeling studies with [35S]methionine demonstrated a 3.5-fold increase in net synthesis of TS in cells treated with 1 μM 5-FU, whereas the level of newly synthesized TS increased only 1.5-fold in cells treated with 5-FU/IFN-γ, compared with control cells. Pulse-chase studies revealed that the half-lives of TS protein in control and 5-FU-treated cells were equivalent. These findings demonstrate that the increase in TS protein after 5-FU exposure and the subsequent inhibitory effect of IFN-γ on TS protein expression are both regulated at the post-transcriptional level.",
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