Purpose: The purpose of this study was to correct refractive error-associated bias in optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) glaucoma diagnostic parameters. Methods: OCT and OCTA imaging were obtained from participants in the Hong Kong FAMILY cohort. The Avanti/AngioVue OCT/OCTA system was used to measure the peripapillary nerve fiber layer thickness (NFLT), peripapillary nerve fiber layer plexus capillary density (NFLP-CD), macular ganglion cell complex thickness (GCCT), and macular superficial vascular complex vascular density (SVC-VD). Healthy eyes, including ones with axial ametropia, were enrolled for analysis. Results: A total of 1346 eyes from 792 participants were divided into 4 subgroups: high myopia (<−6D), low myopia (−6D to −1D), emmetropia (−1D to 1D), and hyper-opia (>1D). After accounting for age, sex, and signal strength, multivariable regression showed strong dependence in most models for NFLT, GCCT, and NFLP-CD on axial eye length (AL), spherical equivalent (SE) refraction, and apparent optic disc diameter (DD). Optical analysis indicated that AL-related transverse optical magnification variations predominated over anatomic variations and were responsible for these trends. Compared to the emmetropic group, the false positive rates were significantly (Chi-square test P < 0.003) elevated in both myopia groups for NFLT, NFLP-CD, and GCCT. Regression-based adjustment of these diagnostic parameters with AL or SE significantly (McNemar test P < 0.03) reduced the elevated false positive rates. Conclusions: Myopic eyes are biased to have lower NFLT, GCCT, and NFLP-CD measure-ments. AL-and SE-based adjustments were effective in mitigating this bias. Translational Relevance: Adoption of these adjustments into commercial OCT systems may reduce false positive rates related to refractive error.
- false positives
- magnification effect
- optical coherence tomography (OCT)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering