Recently identified measures of human thymic function

Richard D. MacFarland R.D., Louis Picker, Richard A. Koup, Daniel C. Douek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The increase in the number of patients with iatrogenic and disease-induced T-cell depletion over the last generation has heightened the sense of urgency for improved diagnostic modalities for immune reconstitution. A full understanding of immune reconstitution requires quantification of every important immune cell population. A cell population that is essential for full reconstitution of a robust immune system is the naive T cells that have recently emigrated from the thymus, the so-called recent thymic emigrants. In this article, we review the emerging methodologies, rationale and indications for monitoring human thymus function. These technologies (T-cell receptor excision circles, thymic index by computed topography analysis and multiparameter flow cytometric analysis of immunophenotype) are potentially useful in clinical laboratory monitoring of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease, transplantation and congenital T-cell immunodeficiency syndromes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-73
Number of pages9
JournalClinical and Applied Immunology Reviews
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2001

Fingerprint

T-Lymphocytes
Thymus Gland
Iatrogenic Disease
Virus Diseases
T-Cell Antigen Receptor
Population
Immune System
Transplantation
HIV
Technology

Keywords

  • CD103
  • Flow cytometry
  • Recent thymic emigrant
  • Thymic function
  • Thymic index
  • Thymus
  • TREC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Recently identified measures of human thymic function. / MacFarland R.D., Richard D.; Picker, Louis; Koup, Richard A.; Douek, Daniel C.

In: Clinical and Applied Immunology Reviews, Vol. 2, No. 1, 11.2001, p. 65-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

MacFarland R.D., Richard D. ; Picker, Louis ; Koup, Richard A. ; Douek, Daniel C. / Recently identified measures of human thymic function. In: Clinical and Applied Immunology Reviews. 2001 ; Vol. 2, No. 1. pp. 65-73.
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