Reactivation of psoralen-reacted plasmid DNA in Fanconi anemia, xeroderma pigmentosum, and normal human fibroblast cells

Y. Sun, Robb Moses

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have used a host cell reactivation system to study the effect of 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) reaction on CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase) and NEO (aminoglycoside phosphotransferase) expression in normal human cells, as well as two cell lines with possible DNA repair-processing defects. Plasmid DNA was treated with psoralen plus near-ultraviolet (NUV) irradiation. The reacted plasmids, pSV2cat and pSV2neo, were transfected into Fanconi anemia (FA), xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), and normal human fibroblast cells for transient or stable assay. The cells were assayed for CAT activity at various times after transfection or selected for G418 resistance. The extent of adduct formation required to inhibit expression was much less (difference of D37 greater than 2.5) in FA or XP cells compared to normal. We conclude that in FA and XP cells, the reactivation of CAT was much less than in normal cells. The possibility of differential DNA uptake and/or degradation in transient assay was ruled out by analysis of plasmid DNA recovered from transfected cells. The data of the two independent assays indicate that FA and XP cells are deficient in cross-linked DNA repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-238
Number of pages10
JournalSomatic Cell and Molecular Genetics
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Fanconi Anemia
Ficusin
Xeroderma Pigmentosum
Plasmids
Fibroblasts
DNA
Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase
DNA Repair
Kanamycin Kinase
Methoxsalen
Transfection
Cell Line

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Reactivation of psoralen-reacted plasmid DNA in Fanconi anemia, xeroderma pigmentosum, and normal human fibroblast cells",
abstract = "We have used a host cell reactivation system to study the effect of 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) reaction on CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase) and NEO (aminoglycoside phosphotransferase) expression in normal human cells, as well as two cell lines with possible DNA repair-processing defects. Plasmid DNA was treated with psoralen plus near-ultraviolet (NUV) irradiation. The reacted plasmids, pSV2cat and pSV2neo, were transfected into Fanconi anemia (FA), xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), and normal human fibroblast cells for transient or stable assay. The cells were assayed for CAT activity at various times after transfection or selected for G418 resistance. The extent of adduct formation required to inhibit expression was much less (difference of D37 greater than 2.5) in FA or XP cells compared to normal. We conclude that in FA and XP cells, the reactivation of CAT was much less than in normal cells. The possibility of differential DNA uptake and/or degradation in transient assay was ruled out by analysis of plasmid DNA recovered from transfected cells. The data of the two independent assays indicate that FA and XP cells are deficient in cross-linked DNA repair.",
author = "Y. Sun and Robb Moses",
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AU - Moses, Robb

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N2 - We have used a host cell reactivation system to study the effect of 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) reaction on CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase) and NEO (aminoglycoside phosphotransferase) expression in normal human cells, as well as two cell lines with possible DNA repair-processing defects. Plasmid DNA was treated with psoralen plus near-ultraviolet (NUV) irradiation. The reacted plasmids, pSV2cat and pSV2neo, were transfected into Fanconi anemia (FA), xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), and normal human fibroblast cells for transient or stable assay. The cells were assayed for CAT activity at various times after transfection or selected for G418 resistance. The extent of adduct formation required to inhibit expression was much less (difference of D37 greater than 2.5) in FA or XP cells compared to normal. We conclude that in FA and XP cells, the reactivation of CAT was much less than in normal cells. The possibility of differential DNA uptake and/or degradation in transient assay was ruled out by analysis of plasmid DNA recovered from transfected cells. The data of the two independent assays indicate that FA and XP cells are deficient in cross-linked DNA repair.

AB - We have used a host cell reactivation system to study the effect of 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) reaction on CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase) and NEO (aminoglycoside phosphotransferase) expression in normal human cells, as well as two cell lines with possible DNA repair-processing defects. Plasmid DNA was treated with psoralen plus near-ultraviolet (NUV) irradiation. The reacted plasmids, pSV2cat and pSV2neo, were transfected into Fanconi anemia (FA), xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), and normal human fibroblast cells for transient or stable assay. The cells were assayed for CAT activity at various times after transfection or selected for G418 resistance. The extent of adduct formation required to inhibit expression was much less (difference of D37 greater than 2.5) in FA or XP cells compared to normal. We conclude that in FA and XP cells, the reactivation of CAT was much less than in normal cells. The possibility of differential DNA uptake and/or degradation in transient assay was ruled out by analysis of plasmid DNA recovered from transfected cells. The data of the two independent assays indicate that FA and XP cells are deficient in cross-linked DNA repair.

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