Randomized Controlled Trial of Motivational Interviewing for Alcohol and Cannabis Use Within a Predominantly Hispanic Adolescent Sample

Sarah Feldstein Ewing, Angela D. Bryan, Genevieve F. Dash, Travis I. Lovejoy, Brian Borsari, Sarah J. Schmiege

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hispanic youth represent one of the fastest-growing minority groups. Yet, we know little about Hispanic adolescents’ response to empirically-supported interventions for adolescent addiction, including motivational interviewing (MI). This randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared MI to an active educational treatment for adolescent alcohol and cannabis use (alcohol and cannabis education; ACE). Adolescents who regularly use substances (N = 448; n = 347 Hispanic; n = 101 non-Hispanic white; ages 13–18) were randomized to two 1-hr individual sessions of MI or ACE. We examined 6-month outcomes and mechanisms of change across Hispanic and non-Hispanic white youth. Treatment response was comparable across ethnicities (Hispanic vs. non-Hispanicwhite youth). Additionally, adolescents in the MI condition showed greater reductions in alcohol use compared to those in ACE, with support for motivation and self-efficacy as mechanisms of treatment response. Direct effects of MI on cannabis use were not observed; however, a significant indirect effect of motivationwas observed for reductions in cannabis use. Data support the efficacy of MI in reducing adolescent alcohol use, through the vehicle of enhanced motivation and self-efficacy.While consistent treatment response was observed for adolescent alcohol use across ethnicities (Hispanic vs. non-Hispanic white), further exploration into potential underexplored mechanisms of Hispanic adolescents’ treatment response is requisite to strengthening prevention and intervention programming for Hispanic adolescents’ cannabis use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-299
Number of pages13
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 22 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Alcohol
  • Cannabis
  • Hispanic
  • Motivational interviewing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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