Objective: To quantitatively measure surgical degree of freedom (SDF) to the anterior communicating artery (AComA) complex via removal of the orbital rim. Comparisons of SDF quadrants were made between a supraorbital and standard frontotemporal pterional craniotomy according to the surgeons’ geometric microscope compass-based views. Methods: Eleven latex-injected formalin-fixed cadaveric heads; 14 sides (eight unilateral and three bilateral) were dissected. Standard frontotemporal pterional and subsequent supraorbital craniotomy approaches were conducted in each specimen. Point “0” was allocated as a point 1 cm distal to the ipsilateral A1 and A2 junction of AComA. The tip of a 10-cm long pointer was used to locate point 0. The base of the pointer stick was maneuvered outside the craniotomy in eight compass directions, with the most peripheral points expressed as target points 1–8. The center of this octagon was attributed point C. A pyramid was established by connecting the points 0, C, and 2 neighboring target points. A frameless stereotaxic instrument was used as a three-dimensional digitizer to measure pyramid volume. Each neighboring two pyramids form a hexagonal cone and was expressed as a surgical freedom quadrant (cm3). The quadrants are depicted counterclockwise (surgeons view) as orbital-nasal, vertex-nasal, vertex-temporal, and orbital-temporal. Results: Total SDF obtained via supraorbital and pterional approaches were 122.8 ± 109.66 and 159.94 ± 93.65, respectively (mean ± SD cm3; supraorbital < pterional by 30.2%). Supraorbital to pterional, in the orbital-nasal quadrant was 21.9 ± 35.5 and 13.04 ± 8.7, vertex-nasal 31.3 ± 28.5 and 16.7 ± 13.7, vertex-temporal 39.5 ± 42.14 and 60.4 ± 4.7, and orbital-temporal 30.14 ± 42.14 and 70.01 ± 42.14, respectively (mean ± SD cm3). In the vertex-nasal quadrant, the supraorbital approach provides a 47.3% increase in SDF compared to the standard frontotemporal pterional craniotomy approach. Conclusion: Given that the AComA complex is located more nasally and the surgeon’s view is more vertex, we propose that a supraorbital craniotomy allows a more contralateral portion of the AComA complex to be visualized during dissection.
- Anterior communicating artery
- Frontotemporal pterional
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology