Quantification of individual sensitivities to ethanol in selective breeding experiments

Difference scores versus regression residuals

John Jr Crabbe, R. M. Weigel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nagoshi et al. have argued recently that the use of postdrug minus predrug difference scores to assess individual variability in sensitivity or tolerance to ethanol is not to be recommended. Unreliability of variables can result in biased estimates of response to treatment. Instead of difference scores, they recommend using residual scores from the regression of posttreatment on pretreatment measures. We were interested in the consequences of employing difference scores versus residuals for a related, but different purpose: the choice of individual animals to be mated for a selective breeding study. The availability of data from such a selective breeding experiment ongoing in the laboratory of one of us (JCC) allowed us to compare directly the effects of use of change and residual scores as criteria for selection. The selection is for maximal hypothermic sensitivity of mice to an acute dose of ethanol. In our sample, difference scores were highly correlated with regression residuals. In practical terms, almost 75% of the individuals chosen for mating by the change score method would also have been chosen by the residual score method. We conclude that for selective breeding experiments, the use of difference scores does not necessarily introduce sampling bias, is unlikely to affect the ultimate outcome of selection, and may be a more meaningful variable for the physiological process studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)544-549
Number of pages6
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume11
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1987

Fingerprint

Ethanol
Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Selection Bias
Experiments
Availability
Sampling
Patient Selection
Selective Breeding
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology

Cite this

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title = "Quantification of individual sensitivities to ethanol in selective breeding experiments: Difference scores versus regression residuals",
abstract = "Nagoshi et al. have argued recently that the use of postdrug minus predrug difference scores to assess individual variability in sensitivity or tolerance to ethanol is not to be recommended. Unreliability of variables can result in biased estimates of response to treatment. Instead of difference scores, they recommend using residual scores from the regression of posttreatment on pretreatment measures. We were interested in the consequences of employing difference scores versus residuals for a related, but different purpose: the choice of individual animals to be mated for a selective breeding study. The availability of data from such a selective breeding experiment ongoing in the laboratory of one of us (JCC) allowed us to compare directly the effects of use of change and residual scores as criteria for selection. The selection is for maximal hypothermic sensitivity of mice to an acute dose of ethanol. In our sample, difference scores were highly correlated with regression residuals. In practical terms, almost 75{\%} of the individuals chosen for mating by the change score method would also have been chosen by the residual score method. We conclude that for selective breeding experiments, the use of difference scores does not necessarily introduce sampling bias, is unlikely to affect the ultimate outcome of selection, and may be a more meaningful variable for the physiological process studied.",
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T1 - Quantification of individual sensitivities to ethanol in selective breeding experiments

T2 - Difference scores versus regression residuals

AU - Crabbe, John Jr

AU - Weigel, R. M.

PY - 1987

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N2 - Nagoshi et al. have argued recently that the use of postdrug minus predrug difference scores to assess individual variability in sensitivity or tolerance to ethanol is not to be recommended. Unreliability of variables can result in biased estimates of response to treatment. Instead of difference scores, they recommend using residual scores from the regression of posttreatment on pretreatment measures. We were interested in the consequences of employing difference scores versus residuals for a related, but different purpose: the choice of individual animals to be mated for a selective breeding study. The availability of data from such a selective breeding experiment ongoing in the laboratory of one of us (JCC) allowed us to compare directly the effects of use of change and residual scores as criteria for selection. The selection is for maximal hypothermic sensitivity of mice to an acute dose of ethanol. In our sample, difference scores were highly correlated with regression residuals. In practical terms, almost 75% of the individuals chosen for mating by the change score method would also have been chosen by the residual score method. We conclude that for selective breeding experiments, the use of difference scores does not necessarily introduce sampling bias, is unlikely to affect the ultimate outcome of selection, and may be a more meaningful variable for the physiological process studied.

AB - Nagoshi et al. have argued recently that the use of postdrug minus predrug difference scores to assess individual variability in sensitivity or tolerance to ethanol is not to be recommended. Unreliability of variables can result in biased estimates of response to treatment. Instead of difference scores, they recommend using residual scores from the regression of posttreatment on pretreatment measures. We were interested in the consequences of employing difference scores versus residuals for a related, but different purpose: the choice of individual animals to be mated for a selective breeding study. The availability of data from such a selective breeding experiment ongoing in the laboratory of one of us (JCC) allowed us to compare directly the effects of use of change and residual scores as criteria for selection. The selection is for maximal hypothermic sensitivity of mice to an acute dose of ethanol. In our sample, difference scores were highly correlated with regression residuals. In practical terms, almost 75% of the individuals chosen for mating by the change score method would also have been chosen by the residual score method. We conclude that for selective breeding experiments, the use of difference scores does not necessarily introduce sampling bias, is unlikely to affect the ultimate outcome of selection, and may be a more meaningful variable for the physiological process studied.

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