Putting it together: Finding success in behavior change through integration of services

Steven H. Woolf, Russell E. Glasgow, Alex Krist, Claudia Bartz, Susan A. Flocke, Jodi Summers Holtrop, Stephen F. Rothemich, Ellen R. Wald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: The purpose of this analysis and commentary was to explore the rationale for an integrated approach, within and outside the office, to help patients pursue healthy behaviors. METHODS: We examined the role of integration, building on (1) patterns observed in a limited qualitative evaluation of 17 Prescription for Health projects, (2) several national policy initiatives, and (3) selected research literature on behavior change. RESULTS: The interventions evaluated in Prescription for Health not only identified unhealthy behaviors and advised change, but also enabled patients to access information at home, use self-help methods, obtain intensive counseling, and receive follow-up. Few practices can replicate such a model with the limited staff and resources available in their offices. Comprehensive assistance can be offered to patients, however, by integrating what is feasible in the office with additional services available through the community and information media. CONCLUSIONS: Blending diverse clinical and community services into a cohesive system requires an infrastructure that fosters integration. Such a system provides the comprehensive model on which the quality of both health promotion and chronic illness care depend. Integrating clinical and community services is only the first step toward the ideal of a citizen-centered approach, in which diverse sectors within the community - health care among them - work together to help citizens sustain healthy behaviors. The integration required to fulfill this ideal faces logistical challenges but may be the best way for a fragmented health care system to fully serve its patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S20-S27
JournalAnnals of family medicine
Issue numberSUPPL.2
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic disease
  • Community services
  • Coordination
  • Health behavior
  • Health promotion
  • Integration
  • Primary care
  • Self-management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice


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